62 terms

College Admission Vocabulary

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Acceptance
A decision a college or training program makes which grants an individual admission.
ACT - College Placement Exam
A test given by the American College Testing Program that is either required or recommended for college admission. Subject exams measure development in English, Mathematics, Reading, Science Reasoning, and Writing. www.actstudent.org
Advanced Placement
A program of high school courses which culminates in a national exam that if passed, can lead to receiving college level credit or placement in college courses. Visit www.collegeboard.com.
Application Fee
Fee required by most colleges for processing applications. Fees generally range from $10 to $50 and are non-refundable. Students on free/reduced lunch may qualify for fee waivers.
Application for Admission
A form provided by the college which must be submitted to be considered for admission. Many college applications are now done online.
Common Application
A non-profit organization the serves member colleges/universities by providing an online admission application for use by interested students. Visit www.commonapp.org for a list of colleges/universities that use the common app.
Deferred Admission
The practice used by a number of colleges and universities to allow an accepted student to postpone enrollment for one year.
Denial
The decision by a college or university in which an applicant is refused admission. Denial should not be reason to give up on a college education. There are a number of alternative college choices for a student who desires to pursue a college education.
Early Action
A college gives a student their admission decision at an earlier than the regular decision date, but the student does not have to accept the offer until the standard May 1 date.
Early Admission
This is when an applicant applies for admission while in the 11th grade and completes 12th grade graduation requirements while attending their first year of college.
Early Decision
A college gives a student their decision at an earlier than the regular decision date and the student makes a commitment to attend that school pending award of sufficient financial aid.
Final Transcript
A student's complete high school academic record through the end of the senior year showing the date of graduation. It must be sent to the institution the student decides to attend.
Grade Point Average (GPA)
An average of all grades a student has earned in high school level courses. In weighted GPA's, bonus values are added for advanced courses. Colleges often recalculate a student's GPA based on specific courses.
Honors Program
Many colleges and universities offer opportunities to superior students to enrich their educational experience through independent, advanced or accelerated study. Frequently, additional financial aid is awarded.
Open-Admission
An admission plan where all high school graduates who apply are granted admission. Florida community colleges/colleges admit high school graduates through the open-admission plan.
Preliminary Scholastic Assessment Test / National Merit Scholar Qualifying test (PSAT/NMSQT)
This is a test designed to provide practice for the SAT and to predict SAT scores. Students may take the test in October of either the ninth, tenth, or eleventh grade.
Rank in Class
This is the numerical ordering of students based on their GPA. Many schools have moved to percentile rank which indicates the (frequency distribution) percentage of scores that fall at or below the student's GPA.
Recommendation
Many colleges and organizations offering scholarships require a letter of recommendation from a teacher, counselor, employer or community member. Letters of recommendation attest to a student's character, involvement in school and in the community.
Residency
A student status designation that requires students meet certain criteria to be declared as a state resident in order to be eligible for lower resident tuition rates at a public state college/university.
Rolling Admissions
An admission process in which students are evaluated for admission as soon as the student's admission package is complete.
SAT - Scholastic Assessment Test
A test administered by the College Board and is recommended or required for admission or placement by many colleges and universities.
SAT Subject Area Test
Subject area tests administered by the College Board required for admission or placement by some colleges and universities or specific majors such as engineering or architecture.
Transcript
An official document that shows a student's total academic record (credit and grades) while enrolled a particular school (high schools and colleges).
Wait list
This is a list of students who are not classified as either accepted or rejected by a college and who may be offered admission if space becomes available at a later date.
College
an institution of higher learning referred to as a "four-year" institution which grants the bachelor's degree in liberal arts or science or both.
Community college
An institution open to students upon completion of high school to obtain specialized training in certain fields, an associate degree (2-year) or to obtain college credits for transfer toward a degree at a college/university. Government supported so cost is usually less than privately run schools.
Institute of technology
A school that specializes in engineering, science, techonology, and mat
Liberal arts college
A four-year college focused on broad student learning in writing and thinking, with faculty devoted to teaching. Liberal arts colleges usually have smaller enrollments (500 - 2,500).
Private college
An educational institution of higher education which is not supported by public taxes.
Public college
a university or college that is predominantly funded by public means through a national, state city or county government
University
a collection of colleges, has undergraduate programs which award bachelor degrees and graduate program for masters' degrees and doctorates.
Needs-blind admission
Full consideration of an applicant without regard to his or her ability to pay
"Best Fit"
The college search is not about finding the best school but the best fit for the individual student. Finding the best fit school means considering a student's preferences for size, proximity to home, urban versus rural, a university/technical institute/liberal arts college.
"Reach School"
A college or university that a student has a chance of getting into with scores or grades on the lower end of the college profile. All tier 1 schools should be considered reach schools.
Tier 1
Colleges and universities generally ranked in the top quartile of American schools. They have highly selective admissions--high applicant rate, low acceptance rate. These are the most desirable colleges in the country. For example, Stanford, Harvard, Columbia, Yale, University of Chicago, MIT, Brown, Pomono, Claremont McKenna, University of Pennsylvania, Dartmouth, Duke, Johns Hopkins, Swarthmore, Amherst, and Cornell
Ivy League
An athletic conference of 8 schools in the northeast. The schools in the Ivy League are known for academic excellence and prestige. The schools are Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Columbia, Dartmouth, Cornell, University of Pennsylvania, and Brown. Schools not in this group are not Ivy League.
"Safety School"
A school where a student clearly meets the admission requirements for g.p.a. and test scores and where the student would attend if not accepted at another institution.
Award Letter
A statement of the amount and type of financial aid the school is willing to give a student who accepts the offer of admission and enrolls full-time
Cost of Attendance
The cost of attending college including tuition, room, board, books, transportation, fees, and personal expenses
Demonstrated Need
The difference between the cost of attendance and the family's expected contribution to those costs
FAFSA
Free Application for Federal Student Aid, a form required by all students who which to be considered for financial aid, including grants, loans, and work-study
Expected Family Contribution (EFC)
The amount of money a family will be required to pay for college based on data in the FAFSA applied to a federal formula
Room and Board
The amount of money a student dorm and meal plan costs
Tuition and Fees
The cost of classes, labs, student health and student activities fees
Pell Grants
A grant provided to students by the federal government to students who have a high financial need
Perkins Loan
A student loan with a low rate of interest that is funded by the federal government
Stafford Loan
A Stafford Loan is a student loan offered to eligible students enrolled in accredited American institutions of higher education to help finance their education
Grant
An institutional, private, or government award that does not have to be repaid
Loan
Financial aid made to students or their parents that must be repaid but usually only once the student graduates from school
Merit-based Grant
A grant made on academic and extracurricular accomplishments which does not need to be repaid
Needs-based Grant
A grant made by an institution as part of a financial package when the family cannot afford the full tuition. It does not have to be repaid.
Out-of-state Tuition
Additional costs for students who want to attend a state school outside of their home state.
Work-study
Jobs on campus that allow students to earn money toward tuition
Academic Common Market
A consortium of schools in the southeast which allow students to attend colleges outside their states if the program they desire is not offered in the state
Major
The student's concentrated field of study with requirements for receiving a degree. Students generally select majors at the end of the second year of study.
Minor
A secondary field of study
Matriculation
Matriculation simply means, "Admission to a group." In higher education, the process is more detailed and describes the steps a student must perform in order to complete the admissions process to college. Typically, this includes application, orientation, assessment, and counseling.
A.A.
Associates Degree. a two-year degree
B.A.
Bachelor of Arts Degree. a four-year degree
B.S.
Bachelor of Science Degree. a four-year degree
HOPE Scholarship
Helping Outstanding Students Educationally
a program is for students that have demonstrated academic achievement and are seeking a college degree. There are several ways to become eligible for the HOPE Scholarship, either by graduating from high school as a HOPE Scholar or by earning it while in college.
Zell Miller Scholarship
The Zell Miller Scholarship program is for students who have demonstrated academic achievement and are seeking a college degree. Generally, to become eligible, a student must graduate from an eligible high school with a 3.70 GPA and a minimum score on the SAT/ACT.