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Grammar Unit 8

group of words that expresses a complete thought
declarative sentence
makes a statement, ends with a period
interrogative sentence
asks a question, ends with a question mark
exclamatory sentence
expresses strong felling, ends with an exclamation point
imperative sentence
gives command or makes request, ends with a period
names whom or what the sentence is about
tells what the subject does or has, can also describe what the subject is like
sentence fragment
does not express complete thought, and may also be missing a subject, a predicate, or both
complete subject
includes all words in the subject of a sentence
complete predicate
includes all words in the predicate
simple subject
main or most important word or group of words in complete subject, usually noun or pronoun
simple predicate
main word or group of words in the complete predicate, usually verb
compound subject
two or more simple subject that have the same predicate; joined by a conjunction
compound predicate
two or more simple predicates, or verbs, that have the same subject; joined by a conjunction
simple sentence
has one subject and one predicate; may have compound subject, and/or a compound predicate
compound sentence
sentence that contains two or more simple sentences joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction or a semicolon
two or more sentences incorrectly written as one sentence