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AP Gov chapter 2 MAJORITARIAN OR PLURALIST DEMOCRACY? Vocab
Terms in this set (19)
system of government in which the power to govern is concentrated in the hands of one individual.
- Ex: usually a monarch.
A system of government in which power is concentrated in the hands of a few people.
- Ex: ( Today, military leaders are often the rulers in countries governed by an oligarchy)
a system of government in which; the people rule, either directly or indirectly.
- Ex: Us, Great Britain, France and others countries in Western Europe.
procedural democratic theory
a view of democracy as being embodied in a decision-making process that involves universal participation,political equality, majority rule and responsiveness.
The principe adress 3 distinct questions:
1- Who should participate in decision making?
2- How much should each participant's vote count?
3- How many votes are needed to reach a decision?
the concept that everyone in a democracy should participate in government decision making.
-Ex: If some people such as recent immigrant are excluded, it's only for practical or political reasons..
-Ex; The theory by itself does not exclude any adults from participation.
equality in political decision making.
- Ex: All votes should counted equally.
the principle that the decision of a group must reflect the preference of more than half participating
- Ex: a simple majority
a system of government where rank-and-file citizens rule themselves rather than electing representatives to govern on their behalf.
- Ex: Dayton, Ohio; Portland, Oregon; St Paul, Minnesota. Each of the city is govern by a neighborhood council, which have authority over zoning and land use questions...
Online communication channels that enable citizens to easily obtain informations from government and facilitate the expression of opinions to government officials.
- Ex of practicality; find online gov services explain in other languages..Or in some states, Missouri, have Attorney General fill out form to inform some properties environmental violation laws..
a system of government where citizens elect public officials to govern on their behalf
-Ex: they are expected to represent the voter's views and interests. Serve as the agent of citizenry and act for them.
A decision making principle, necessitated bye representative government, that implies that elected representatives should do what the majority of people wants.
- Ex: Means following the general contours of public opinion in formulating complex pieces of legislation.
Substantive democratic theory
the view that democracy is embodied in the substance of government policies rather than in the policy making procedure
-Ex: Would reject a law that require reading the Bible in schools, because it would violate the "Freedom of religion"..
-It should guaranty the Freedom of behavior, such as freedom of religion and expression
benefits of government that cannot be denied to any citizens by majority decisions.
- Ex: to protect Minority rights is to limit majority rule at 2/3.
-Ex; Another way is to put the issue in the Constitution, beyond the reach of Majority rule
Majoritarian model of democracy
the classical theory of democracy in which government by the people is interpreted as government by the majority of the people.
Ex: - An election on policy issues is called a referendum
- signatures to put a policy on a ballot is an initiative
an organized group of individuals that seeks to influence public policy. Also called a Lobby
They are groups that share economic, religious, ethnics or cultural interests.
Ex: - International brotherhood of Electrical Workers, The American Hospital Association,The National Association for Women
pluralist model of democracy
an interpretation of democracy in which government by the people is taken to mean government by people operating through competing interest groups
Compared with majoritarian thinking, pluralist model shift the focus of democratic gov from mass electoral to organized groups.
the view that a small group of people actually makes most of the important government decisions
Important gov decision are made by an identifiable and stable minority that share certain characteristics, like wealth and business connections
-Ex: Dick Cheney ( VP of Bush to head of Halliburon, a large oil services company, he acted in favor of more energy exploration..Duh !
a process of transition as a country attempts to move from an authoritarian form of government to a democratic one.
- Ex: Arab Spring, raised the hope that democracy will spread across Middle East...
Four principles of procedural democracy
( in the case of indirect democracy = responsiveness)
1- Universal participation
2- Political equality
3- Majority rule
4- Government responsiveness to public opinion
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