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Poli Exam Review 1
Review Questions for Exam One
Terms in this set (37)
How do apathy and political efficacy impact one another?
If the people of the nation feel like they are not making a difference in the government (apathy) then they will choose not to participate in government elections or decisions. This leads to a decline in political efficacy and the only voices that are heard are the ones that choose to participate which may lead to bad leadership in government.
Why are political knowledge and political participation important for good citizenship?
Political knowledge is important because an informed citizen knows what is going on in their government. With the political knowledge that they have they can elect officials that share their beliefs and have their voice heard in government. This active political participation reflects the pride a citizen has for their nation and makes them a good citizen.
Identify the differences between: autocracy, oligarchy, democracy/ direct democracy, authoritarian government, totalitarian government, constitutional government, and representative democracy/republic.
Autocracy: 1 ruler; Oligarchy: small group of people rule; Democracy/ direct democracy: The people rule and are involved in every aspect of government; Constitutional government: Formal limits on government; Authoritarian government: No limit to government power but they follow certain social institutions; Totalitarian Government: "Iron fist" one person has all the power and the people have no say; Representative democracy/ Republic: The citizens pick their officials.
Freedom from government control endowed to us by the creator.
What is the difference between Equality of Opportunity, Political Equality, and Social/Economic Equality?
Equality of Opportunity: a widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential.
Political Equality: the right to participate in politics equally based on the principle of one person, one vote.
Social/Economic Equality: people have the right to
A principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution.
Laissez faire Capitalism
An economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated for profit with minimal or no government interference.
Majority rule and Minority rights
The democratic principle that a government follows the preferences of the majority of voters but protects the interests of the minority.
A principle in which political authority rests ultimately in the hands of the people.
What events led to the writing of the Declaration of Independence?
In the 1760s the British government began to levy taxes on the colonists to cover their war debts from the French and Indian War. Parliament began to impose different taxes such as the Stamp Act, The Tea Act,and The Sugar act. This lead to rioting (The Boston Tea Party and Boston Massacre) which then lead to the start of the American revolution in 1774.
What is the distinction between the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution.
The Declaration of Independence: was an attempt to identify and articulate a history and set of principles that might help forge national unity.
Articles of Confederation: gave Congress power to declare war, make peace, to make treaties and alliances, to coin or borrow money, and to regulate trade with the Native Americans. Was the nations FIRST WRITTEN CONSTITUTION and BASIS FOR AMERICAS NATIONAL GOVERNMENT UNTIL 1789.
The Constitution: Drawn up to fix the flaws in the Articles of Confederation this document created a legitimate and effective national system of government.
What are the 7 articles of the Constitution?
Article 1: Legislative Branch
Article 2: Executive Branch
Article 3: Judicial Branch
Article 4: National Unity and Power
Article 5: Amending the constitution
Article 6: National Supremacy
Article 7: Ratification
What were the debates between the federalists and antifederalists?
No Bill of Rights
Necessary and Proper Clause
Strong State government
and weak federal government.
Structure of the Government
and Enumeration of Bill of Rights
Expressed powers and the structure of
government will keep them in line
Structure of Government
Strong National Government
Promise to add Bill of Rights
Amendment 10: Reserves all powers not given to federal government to state governments
What are Seperation of Powers, Checks and balances, Bill of Rights, Necessary and Proper clause, and the Supremacy clause.
Separation of Powers: there are different powers among the Legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the American Government. The division of governmental power among several institutions that must be cooperate in decision making.
Checks and balances: Makes sure one area of the government doesn't have too much power over the others.
Bill of Rights: The first 10 Amendments of the constitution
Necessary and Proper Clause: Article 1 Section 8 of the Constitution which provides Congress with the authority to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers.
Supremacy clause: Article 6 of the Constitution which states that laws passed by the national government and all treaties are the supreme law of the land and superior to all laws adopted by any state or subdivision.
What is the difference between: Expressed powers, Implied Powers, Reserved/ Police powers, and Concurrent powers?
Expressed powers: Specific powers granted by the Constitution to Congress ( Art 1 Sec 8) and to the president (Art 2)
Implied Powers: Powers derived from the necessary and proper clause of Art 1 Section 8 of the Constitution. Such powers are not specifically expressed, but are implied through the expansive interpretation of delegated powers.
Reserved Powers: Powers derived from the 10th Amendment to the Constitution that are not specifically delegated to the national government or denied to the states.
Police Powers: Power reserved to regulate the health, safety and morals of its citizens.
Concurrent powers: Authority possessed by both state and national governments such as the power to levy taxes.
What is the Full Faith and Credit Clause and the Privileges and Immunity clauses and how do they apply to the states?
Full Faith and Credit Clause: Provision from Article 4 Section 1 of the Constitution 4 requiring that the states normally honor the public acts and judicial proceedings that take place in another state.
The Privileges and Immunity Clause: Provision from Article 4 Section 2 of the Constitution that a state cannot discriminate against someone from another state or give its own residents special privileges.
What is Federalism?
A system of government in which power is divided by a constitution between a central and regional governments.
A centralized government in which lower levels of government have little power independent of the national government
What is a Confederation?
A system of government in which states retain sovereign authority except for the powers expressly delegated to the national government.
Explain Dual Federalism
The type of federalism that ran the United States government from 1789-1937 in which most fundamental governmental powers were shared between the federal and state governments.
Explain Cooperative Federalism
A type of federalism that existed since the New Deal era in which grants were given to states and localities (without commanding them) to pursue nationally defined goals.
Explain Regulated Federalism
A form of federalism in which Congress imposes legislation on states and localities requiring them to meed national standards.
Explain New Federalism
Efforts made by the federal government toward devolution (get back to old federalist system and gives states their power back).
a form of government ; a single individual rules( king, queen, dictator)
a form of government; which a small group controls
a form of government; more people participate in governing decision.
a system that permits citizens to vote directly on laws and policies
limits are placed on the power of the government
No formal limits but are restrained by the power of other social institutions.
no formal limits; eliminate who ever challenge the law given
representative democracy/ republic
selects representatives, who play a significant role in governmental decision making
a system that permits citizens to vote directly on laws and policies
representatives democracy ( government making decisions)
the ability to influence government and politics
feeling you cant effect governmental decisions. cause to withdrawal from political life and participating in political issues
the right to participate in politics equally, based on the principle of " one person, one vote"
equality of opportunity
a widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential
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