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40 terms

Cardiovascular System

The heart and blood vessels
STUDY
PLAY
atrium
upper chambers of heart
ventricle
lower chambers of heart
left atrium
chamber that receives blood from LUNGS
right atrium
chamber that receives blood from BODY
vena cava
vessel that receives blood from the BODY
pulmonary vein
vessel that receives blood from the LUNGS
Aorta
Vessel that sends blood to body
Pulmonary Artery
Vessel that sends blood to lungs
left ventricle
contracts to send blood to aorta
right ventricle
contracts to send blood to pulmonary artery
aorta
largest artery in the body
pulse
Artery rising and falling due to blood gushing through vessel
blood pressure
force of blood pushing on artery walls
sphygmomanometer
instrument used to measure blood pressure
normal
120/80... high, low, or normal blood pressure?
high
140/90... high, low, or normal blood pressure?
low
100/60... high, low, or normal blood pressure?
heartbeat
the lub dub sound created when valves in the heart shut
red blood cell
part of blood that carries oxygen
white blood cell
part of blood the fights infection
platelets
part of blood that clots
plasma
liquid part of blood
antigen
marker to distinguish type of blood cell
antibody
marker to distinguish the type of blood it will reject
hemoglobin
attaches oxygen to red blood cells
type a
antigen of A, antibody of B
type b
antigen of B, antibody of A
type o
no antigen, antibody A and B
type AB
antigen of A and B, no antibody
type A
donates to A, AB, receives from A, O
type B
donates to AB, B, receives from O, B
type o
donates to AB, B, O, A, receives from O
type AB
donates to AB, receives from A, B, AB, O
atherosclerosis
build up of fatty material in arteries
heart attack
build up of fatty material in heart artery
stroke
build up of fatty material in brain artery
hypertension
high blood pressure
sickle-cell anemia
genetic disorder where red blood cells are mis-shaped.
hemophilia
disease causing blood NOT to clot
bruise
broken capillaries, causes blood to pool under skin