Ultimate Protools 110 study guide
Terms in this set (364)
Know the track type icons
aux= down arrow
MIDI= end of midi cable
Master fader = greek E
How do you solo safe a track
Comnd (mac) cntrl (windows) click on the solo button
What can Master faders be used for
control the master levels of output and bus paths. Provide post fader effects processing and master level control for a main mix, headphone,stems,effects sends, and other signal routing applications
how many inserts are available in pro tools 9
Are inserts pre or post fader? are they switchable?
pre fader on audio tracks and aux inputs.
post fader on Master Faders
Cannot be ?switchable?
How many sends are in pro tools 9
What does a plug-in window look like when the plug-in window is open? When it is closed? When it is deactivated? When it is activated? What does a hardware insert look like activated? Deactivated?
How can you bypass a plugin
Hit the bypass button at the right of the plug-in window or CMD+Click the plug-in insert slot.
How can you access the single send assignment view
View menu > Sends A-E/F-J sub-menu or CMD+Click (mac) ctrl click (windows) on a send selector
How do you change the default send level preference?
Setup > Preferences, Click on the mixing tab. Enable/Disable the option for Sends default to "-INF
Know what different send and track types look like, i.e. stereo track, mono send etc.
How do you move or copy sends?
-Drag sends to move them
-OPT+Drag to copy
How do you create a submaster?
Track > New (select mono or stereo AUX INPUT), select all the tracks to be submixed to the aux in this output selection
How do you constrain your moves to the selected tracks?
Understand the difference between time based and gain based effects.
Gain based- EQ, compressor, gate, expander etc. (typically assigned as inserts)
Time based- Reverb, chorus, delay, echo, etc. (Often shared processing so they are set up using a send/return to an aux)
What features are available on a master fader?
Control and process output mixes
-Monitor and meter an output
-Control Submix levels
-Control effects send levels
-Control levels on submasters (bussed tracks
-Apply dither or other inserts to all tracks sent to a common output or bus
What is 'dither'? When do you apply it?
Dither is a form of randomized noise used to minimize quantization artifacts. It should be applied during final mixing/mastering when preparing a 24 bit session that will be burned directly to an audio CD (but not when sending in a mixed file for mastering)
How many groups are available?
104 Groups in 4 banks of 26 group ID's.
What is NOT affected by grouping tracks?
-Track and Send panning
-Insert Controls (plug-ins)
Can you change group members? How do you modify groups?
Yes, select Modify Groups from the Group List pop-up menu, Click the group ID indicator and choose Modify from the pop-up menu, or right-click on a Group name in the group list and choose Modify.
Can you delete the all groups?
How do you create a group?
Select desired tracks to be Grouped and choose New Group from the group list pop-up menu or choose Track > Group (CMD+G).
What are the five different automation modes in PT LE?
off, read, touch, latch, write
How do you enable or disable automation globally?
Suspend button in the automation window
How do you enable or disable automation on a specific track
By changing the automation mode to off
How do you change all tracks to view automation lanes
Hold option (mac) alt (windows) before showing automation lanes.
How do you enable automation for plug-ins
Click in the play list view selector and select the plugin perameter you want to automate
in which ways can you manipulate automation data
Draw, cut, copy, and pasting
in which ways can you manipulate auto data specifically with the grabber tool
add or move breakpoints
How can you copy auto data from one parameter to another
?Copy automation then switch to another parameter and Paste to current Automation type.?
how do you access the color palette
which menu can you access region looping from
which aspects of your session does the color palette affect
Tracks, regions, groups and markers
how do you loop multiple selections on multiple tracks as a group
Group the regions then loop the region group
How would you change the aspects of a loop after you have looped it
Go to Region>loop. press option cmnd (mac) cntrl Alt (windows) + L. double click on icon with the grabber tool or selector tool.
right click on selected region with any edit tool and select loop from the pop up menu
Can you access the region looping dialog box after looping regions
How do you temporarily enforce grid mode while trimming?
? Edit> Seperate Region>on grid
what is the difference between absolute and relative grid
Relative= region or MIDI note move relative to the grid (example only moves by 1/4 note increments)
Absolute= Region or MIDI note snaps to grid
How do you separate regions on a grid and at the transients?
Edit>separate regions> on grid
Edit > separate regions> at transients
What is the difference between the normal trim, and loop trim tool
Trim allows you to trim regions
Trim Loop allows you to create looped regions from any region
How many modes does beat detective have
It has five operation modes
Which menu can you access beat detective from
how many Beat Detective modes work with MIDI
How many Beat Detective modes work with audio
Where are fade files stored
they are stored in the session folder
What are the Fade preset curves
They are preset fades that determine how the amplitude of a region changes during the course of the fade ( there are 7 presets) and can be located in the drop down selectors
What are the link and slope settings in the dialog box
The link setting links the selected fade out and fade in curves. Slope retain more or less of their amplitude for a greater portion of the fade
Where can i delete multiple fades
Select range of fades with the selector or grabber tool then choose edit>fades>Delete
What must i consider when applying fades to elastic audio enabled tracks
Elastic audio processing cannot be applied to fades
how do i select a plugin for the Audio suite
Understand everything about the audio suite
Plug in selector- allows you to switch to a different audio suite.
Selection Reference- specifies whether the audio suite plugin processes audio in the track playlist or in the region list
Playlist- controls whether the processed audio replaces your selection in the track playlist
File mode - Determines how an audio suite plugin writes a processed file to the session
Process mode-This setting determines how an audiosuite plugin analyzes selections that contain multiple regions.
How do you unselect a range of regions in the regions list?
hold the Comnd (mac) ctrl (windows) and click the each region you want to deselect.
or move curser to the left of the highlighted region name until a marquee cursor appears click and drag
how do you select non contiguous regions in the regions list?
Cmnd (mac) ctrl (windows) click the non contiguous region
what is the find dialogue in the regions bin
it enables you to search for a region by name and for displaying regions created or added to your subsequent to initiating the search
what does include subsequently added regions do in the Find dialog box
all new regions you create or add to the session will be shown in the region list, regardless of whether the name includes the search string
when removing regions what is the difference between remove and delete
When you remove a region from a session the parent file remains on the hard drive.
when you delete an audio file it is deleted from regions list and hard drive
What is compacting sound files
it examines a selected source and irretrievably deletes any data that has not been defined as a region in the current session
(removing audio from a file which is not used in any region)
What are the Different ways to view MIDI information
Blocks view, Regions view, Notes view, Velocity view, Volume, pan, and controller graph views,
What are the components of a MIDI track
?A MIDI MIDI track has its own set of controls in the mix window volume, pan, record enable, automation, mode, solo, mute, input, output, and MIDI program change
What is the difference between MIDI Thru, and Default Thru instrument
MIDI thru = pro tools passes information from your computer to the virtual instrument or any other device on a record enabled track.
Default Thru = Determines the virtual instrument or MIDI output that gets triggered when (a) you play a connected MIDI controller without first record enabling a MIDI or instrument track or (b) you audition a MIDI region from the region list
how do you audition regions in the region list
hold option (mac) hold alt (windows) and click the desired region in the regions list
what does the smart pencil do
the Smart Pencil behaves like a smart tool it does different tasks depending on where you position it or by using it with modifier keys
what does the smart pencil do when placed over the middle of a MIDI event?
it becomes a grabber tool
How do you temporarily suspend grid mode?
cmnd (mac) ctrl (windows) and drag
what are the different ways to select multiple MIDI notes?
Shift click with Grabber or pencil tool, Click and drag a rectangle around group with grabber tool,
cntrl (mac) start (windows) click and drag with pencil tool.
click and drag with selector.
option (mac) alt (windows) click and drag across a range of notes with the pencil tool.
What is the difference between grid quantize and groove quantize
Grid quantizes, quantizes audio/midi data to a grid. Groove quantize use groove templates to add different rhythmic feels.
how do you quantize audio regions
go to Events> event operations> Quantize,
(option)(mac) Alt (windows) + 0
when you double click a MIDI region what happens
The MIDI editor pops up
How do you change what happens when you double click a MIDI region
? in preferences
what are the two MIDI realtime properties views
Real time properties view in the edit window
and Real time properties window
Real time properties can be applied to which types of tracks
MIDI or Instrument tracks
Can real time properties be applied to tracks or regions?
Both tracks and regions
How do you enable elastic audio
using the elastic audio plug in selector in the edit window
How do you conform a region to the current session tempo
Right click the region on an elastic track and select Conform to tempo from the pop up menu
or go to Region>conform to tempo
To Update an elastic track to the session tempo dramatically, your track must be set to which timebase
what are 5 types of elastic audio plug-ins
polphonic, monophonic, Rhythmic, Varispeed, X-form
which elastic audio plugin provides rendered only processing
Why would you want rendered processing on an elastic track
It gives you the best time compression algorithms for music production, sound design, and audio loop applications
How does elastic audio analyze an audio file
it analyzes the audio for transient events
What is event confidence?
Confidence level based on the relative clarity of the transients
How do you adjust event sensitivity
Go to Region>Elastic properties or right click the region an choose elastic properties from the pop up menu
What are the elastic audio views
Analysis view and Warp view
Which view allows you to see where elastic audio analysis has detected transient events?
Which view allows you to fix the audio to specific point in the timeline.
What are tempo generated warp markers
Displayed only to indicate where Elastic Audio processing has been applied to conform the audio to tempo events
How do you add event markers
Make sure you are in analysis view and with the pencil tool click the location you ant to add the event, with the grabber tool double click or control click (Mac) Start click (windows) at the location where you want to add the event. with any edit tool right click
How do you delete event markers
option (mac) alt (windows) click with pencil tool
with the selector select and delete (mac) backspace (windows) or select and right click>remove event marker
What is the difference between an event and warp marker
Event markers indicate detected (or manually created) audio events
Warp markers anchor the audio to the timeline. ( only in warp view)
What are three ways to warp audio
Telescoping Warp, Accordion Warp, Range Warp
What does a warp indicator look like
looks like a triangle with a beam shooting from the top
What are the two ways to access elastic audio pitich transposition
By using the Elastic Properties window or the transpose window
Does undoing pitch transposition affect audio quality
Can you undo Pitch transposition
Which timebase track is tick based
What is the tick value of a 1/4 note and 1/8 note
what timebase do audio tracks default to? MIDI
Audio= sample based, MIDI = tick
What are two types of virtual instruments
Stand alone virtual instruments and plugin virtual instruments
Which Specific virtual instruments are made by AIR
Transfuser, Xpand!2, Hybrid, and Structure
How do you Monitor sound From stand alone instruments
What is Transfuser
it is a Loop Manipulating, Beat Munging groove generator
How many parts and patches does Xpand!2 contain
4 parts and patches
How many filters does Hybrid contain
What is Structure, What are Smart knobs? what are Key Switches
Structure is a professional sampler, Smart knobs are knobs that can be assigned to different perimeters (Key switches?)
How many Rewire Streams does protools allow
How do you use memory locations to make a selection
Shift click on a marker or selection in the memory locations window
how can you use timeline markers to create a selection
click and drag the up and down arrow keys
How can you maintain a selections length, while moving the selection
click and drag while holding option on mac, while holding alt on windows
How do you set a pre or post roll in a playlist
option click (mac) alt click (windows) before and after the selection start point and set the value for the pre and post roll
which menu allows you to enable or disable pre/post roll
How to you set pre/post roll to the same amount
hold option (mac) hold alt (windows) while clicking and dragging one of the flags the deselected flag will move accordingly
what is the difference between timeline and conductor rulers
timeline rulers are there to keep track of time relative views. Conductor rulers view how the song will change over time.
How do you display different rulers
view menu or by clicking the ruler view selector
How do you add tempo and meter events
hold control (mac) hold start (windows) and click in the meter or tempo ruler
how do you enable the click
click the metronome in the MIDI controls
which menu can you enable the click from
which menu allows you to access the click/countoff options dialogue
what are the two ways to quantize MIDI information upon recording
Event> event operations> step input, ? set MIDI real time properties
Which menu allows you to access quantizing options
Which menu allows you to enable loop record
how do you automatically create new playlist when loop recording
Go to Setup>preferences>operation and under the record window check the check box
How do you switch the record enabled MIDI track on the fly while loop recording
while holding cmnd (mac) cntrl (windows) use the up/down arrow keys
what is the difference between loop recording and loop playback with MIDI merge
Loop record records multiple takes
loop playback with MIDI merge records layered overdubs
How do you audition loop recorded takes?
using the Alternate Takes pop-up menu or the
How do you view the Audition loops take list
right click> matches submenu
what is the difference between a control surface and a work surface.
A control surface is simply a device that brings control of protools out of the computer and into the tactile world with faders, knobs, and switches
work surfaces are like control surfaces but they also give a level of visual feedback and customization that cannot be duplicated on screen.
what does the Bank switch on a controller do?
allows you to use the arrow keys to scroll through different banks of eight tracks.
what does the flip switch on a controller do?
Temporarily flips control assignments from the rotary encoders down to the corresponding channel faders, allowing you to use the touch-sensitive faders to edit and automate send and plugin values
what are the specs of protools? how many tracks and busses
PT9 provides sampling rates up to 192khz with bit depths up to 24bit. 96 simultaneous tracks,512 MIDI tracks, 256 busses
what is the highest sample rate and bit depth.
192khz, 24 bit
what does the complete production tool kit come with
ability to use Quick punch on up to 64 tracks
Advanced group features, including VCA assignments and comprehensive attributes
glide automation commands
video editing features
what are the advanced Video Features in the Complete Production tool Kit
Video Track support, Support for import options, video regions, general editing, video region groups, browsing video in the video Universe Window
How do you Play video on the PT timeline out of the firewire port? what do you connect? which menu to access?
You need a DV transcoder hooked up via firewire then go to Options>Video out firewire
what are the six key aspects of the workspace Browser and its functionality?
Access and view the contents of all mounted volumes,
Search across multiple volumes simultaneously
Designate volumes for record and playback, playback only, or transfer.
view manage, audition, and import individual items from any mounted volume.
Update databases for entire volumes.
What are the Four types of Digibased Browsers
the workspace browsers, volume browsers, the project browsers, catalog browsers
how do you make the workspace browser conform to the project tempo
enable the audio files conform to session tempo button in the browser toolbar
how do you enable loop preview in the Workspace Browser?
select loop preview from the browser menu or right click the preview button and select Loop Preview
Which type of audio files can be imported in to PT
Aiff, Wav, SDI &II, Mp3, AAC, Sound Resource, WMA, Quicktime, Realaudio, MXF audio, REX 1 and 2 files, ACID files
Which audio File type is Mac Specific
Sound Resource (aifl)
which Audio file type is windows Specific
Are audio files automatically copied to the audio files folder when you import them
No they are referenced from the Orignal
What are the four places you can import audio from the workspace browser to the Edit window
Region list, Drag and drop to an existing track, Drag and drop to new track, Spot items into track,
How many video engines can you have running at any given time
what does the spot dialog look like
it contains timescale, start, sync point, end, Duration, original time stamp, User Time stamp,
How do you import an audio track from a movie file without the movie
Use file>import>audio and select video file
what are the key features of the import session data dialogue? Can you import PT preferences
? time code mapping options, track offset options, Sample rate conversion options, Audio/video media options ?, Yes you can import PT Preferences
what does the file icon for a region group look like
File type is .rgrp
say group at bottom and has a picture of wave form as well as midi
how do you create a region group
select regions then got to Region>Group
which menu do i use to create a region group
What type of tracks can be region grouped
audio, MIDI, instrument, and video
Can region groups be created from empty selections
where does PT store I/O settings
both with the individual protools session and with the system
Can you load I/O setups
What is a Main path and a sub-path
Main paths are logical groupings of inputs, inserts, or busses. For example, Out 1-2 is often the name of the stereo bus mapped to the main hardware outputs. Sub Path represents a signal path within a main path
What two types of busses does PT9 provide
Output and internal mix busses
importing and exporting I/O setups how do you do it?
In the I/O setup window click the Import settings and or export settings button
How do you import I/O settings for more than Just the currently displayed page?
option click (mac) or alt click (windows)
What is an audition path?
An audition path is a separate output for auditioning regions in an audio bin
How to audition Regions in Regions Bin?
option click (mac) alt (windows)
What does MSS stand for
MIDI Studio Setup
What does AMS stand for
Audio MIDI Setup
what are the two places to access AMS
applications/Utilities/AMS, window> show MIDI window
What Does the Edit display contain And what menu is it in
view>Edit Window views =, it contains comments inst, insrts a-j sends a -j I/O real time properties track color
What Does the Mix display contain and and what menu is it in
View> Mix window views
It contains instruments, inst a- j, sends a - j track color and comments
How do you know when a track is hidden in the tracks list
when the icon in the track list is dimmed
How do you Optimize your RTAS performance, Under which menu
Go to Setup> Playback engine
from the RTAS processors pop up menu, select the number of available processors you want to allocate for RTAS plug-in processing
The Plugin Streaming Buffer Size is Specific to which plugin
The Structure Professional Sampling Workstation plug -in is installed on your system
How do you set your default sample rate
With no session open, Choose Setup> Hardware
and select desired sample rate
Where do you change your current audio engine
Where do you go to create an aggregate I/O
? Choose Setup>Hardware. choose desired interface then click Launch setup App?
What does the routing to tracks function allow you to do?
allows you to use output and send selectors to route signals directly to an existing track or to a new track
what is the difference between route to track and route to new track
Route to track routes the signal to an existing track. route to new track allows you to route to a new track.
what does the hardware setup dialog allow you to change
sample rate, optical format, and clock source for your system
what is the mix view selector and where is it located
mix view selector allow you to to toggle component parts on/off
Do hidden tracks continue to play back even while not displayed
Where does PT store I/O Settings?
Along with the session file
Can you load I/O setups?
Yes. you can IMPORT them. The I/O Setup dialog box allows for saving (EXPORT) and loading (IMPORT) of ProTools I/O files.
What is a main path as opposed to a sub path?
MAIN PATH: logical groupings of inputs
inserts, or outputs
SUB PATH: represents a mono signal path within a main path
How do you import or export an I/O setup?
Click IMPORT SETTINGS or EXPORT SETTINGS
What is an audition path?
It is used to select the monitoring path for previewing audio in the Regions List
Import Audio dialog boxes, and DigiBase browsers.
How do you audition Regions in the Regions Bin?
Option-Click and hold on the Region name to begin playback
What does MSS stand for?
MIDI Studio Setup (Windows only)
for configuring MIDI controllers/sound modules connected to the system
What does AMS stand for?
Audio MIDI Setup (Mac OS X only)
Where are the two places to access AMS?
INSIDE PRO TOOLS: Setup > MIDI > MIDI Studio
OUTSIDE PRO TOOLS: Applications > Utilities > Audio MIDI Setup
What menu do you access the display options under for the Edit and Mix windows?
Under the View menu (View > Mix Window Views and View > Edit Window Views)
What are the different display options in the Edit and Mix windows?
EDIT: Comments Instrument, Inserts, Sends, I/O, Real-Time Properties, Track Color
MIX: I/O (cannot be hidden), Instrument, Inserts, Sends, Track Color, Comments
What are the different width options for the Mix Window and where can you select them?
View > Narrow Mix (Command-Option-M)
toggles between Narrow and Normal
How can you tell when a track is hidden when looking at the tracks list?
The dot next to the track will be dimmed.
Do hidden tracks play back?
How do you sort your tracks in a session?
Track List pop-up menu > Sort Tracks By; options are NameType, Edit Group, Mix Group or Voice assignment number.
How do you optimize your RTAS performance?
Maximize your Hardware Buffer size and allocate more processors to RTAS
Which menu allows you to optimize your RTAS performance?
Setup > Playback Engine
Which plug-in is the Plug-In Streaming Buffer specific to?
Structure Professional Sampling Workstation; optimum setting is 250ms
How do you set your default sample rate?
With no session open: Setup > Hardware select from the Sample Rate pop-up menu
What does the Hardware Setup dialog allow you to change?
Peripherals Clock Source, Sample Rate, Optical Format, Footswitch Control
What digital formats are available in LE?
S/PDIF (RCA) and AES/EBU
What is the difference between a control surface and a work surface?
Control surface: device that brings control of Pro Tools out of the computer
Work surface: controls on-screen components like a control surface but adds a level of functionality and control that cannot be accessed through the software alone.
What does the Bank switch on a controller do?
When it is enabled (lit) you can use the Left/Right Arrow keys to move to the next/previous eight faders in a session
What does the Flip switch on a controller do?
Flips control assignments from the rotary encoders down to the corresponding channel faders
What are the basic specifications of Pro Tools LE?
48 simultaneous audio tracks
How many tracks does Pro Tools LE come with?
256 MIDI tracks, 32 Instrument tracks 48 simultaneous audio tracks
How many busses does Pro Tools LE come with?
What is the highest available sample rate and bit depth in Pro Tools LE?
96 kHz 24 bit
What does the Music Production Toolkit come with?
Up to 64 simultaneous audio tracks
export as MP3, TL Space Convolution Reverb Plug-in, and:
- Eleven LE
- Structure LE
What does the DV Toolkit come with?
Up to 64 simultaneous audio tracks
export as MP3, TL Space Convolution Reverb Plug-in, and:
- Digibase Pro
- DigiTranslator 2.0
- TimeCode, TimeCode 2, Feet+Frames rulers
- Fit To Markers commands
- Continuous Scroll
- Scrub Trim tool
What does the Complete Production Toolkit come with?
Up to 128 mono tracks OR 64 simultaneous stereo tracks multichannel mixing up to 7.1 surround, snapshot automation for writing/trimming data, Glide Automation commands, editing features for field recorders, time code and synchronization features for working with sound for film or video
How do you play video on the Pro Tools timeline out of the Firewire port?
Options > Video Out Firewire and connect a DV Transcoder
What are the six key aspects of the Workspace Browser and its functionality?
1. Access & view the contents of all mounted volumes
2. Search across multiple volumes simultaneously
3. Designate volumes for Record & Playback Only, or Transfer
4. Unmount volumes
5. View, manage, audition, and import individual items from any mounted volume.
6. Update databases for entire volumes
How do you make the Workspace Browser conform to the current PT session tempo?
Click the AUDIO FILES CONFORM TO SESSION TEMPO (Metronome) button in the browser Toolbar.
How do you enable loop preview in the Workspace Browser?
1. Select LOOP PREVIEW from the Browser menu
2. Right-click on the playback (Preview) button and select LOOP PREVIEW from the pop-up menu
Which types of audio files can be imported into ProTools?
AIFF WAV or BWF, SD I and SD II, MP3, AAC/MP4/M4A, Sound Resource (AIFL), Windows Media (WMA), QuickTime, RealAudio, MXF Audio, REX 1 and 2 files, ACID files
Which audio file type is Mac specific?
Sound Resource (AIFL) and SDII
Which audio file type is Windows specific?
Windows Media Audio (WMA)
Are audio files automatically copied to the Audio Files folder when you import them?
Normally NO. Only if:
1. The file does not reside on a valid Performance volume.
2. The sample rate or bit depth does not match.
3. The file is compressed.
4. The file is multi-channel interleaved.
5. The file is WAV format and the Pro Tools Preference to Convert Imported WAV Files to AES31/BroadcastWave is enabled.
6. The ProTools Preference to Automatically Copy Files On Import is enabled.
What are the four places you can import audio files from the Workspace Browser into the Edit Window?
1. Region List
2. Timeline in the Edit Window
3. Track List
4. Existing track
How many video engines can you have running at any given time?
What does the Spot Dialog look like?
Time code stamped at bottom.
How do you import the audio track from a movie file WITHOUT importing the video?
File > Import > Audio and select a video file, then select the desired audio regions to extract
What are the key features of the Import Session Data dialog?
Allows you to import entire tracks from another Pro Tools session or template file into your current session. (File > Import > Session Data or Option-Shift-I) Key:
- Time Code Mapping Options
- Audio Media Options (Copy from/link to media)
- Track Data To Import
Can you import Pro Tools preferences?
What does the file icon for a region group look like?
How do you create a region group?
Which menu allows you to create a region group?
Region > Group
What types of tracks can be region grouped?
Any (Audio MIDI, Video, mixed multitrack, and non-contiguous multitrack)
Can region groups be created from empty selections?
How do you use memory locations to make a selection?
SHIFT-click on a memory location (MARKER or SELECTION) in the Memory Locations window or the Marker ruler after creating a selection start point. (Memory Locations window opened with Command+NumKey)
How can you use timeline markers to make a selection?
Drag the two Timeline Selection Markers to establish a selection.
How do you maintain a selection's length while moving it?
Option-drag either Timeline Selection Marker; both markers will move in tandem.
How do you set pre- and post-roll in the Transport window?
View > Transport > Expanded; click the Pre-Roll field type in the value; use / to go to the Post-Roll field; type in the value for Post-Roll and press Return
How do you set pre- and post-roll in a playlist?
Option-click with the Selector in any track's playlist before the selection start point to set the pre-roll at that location; Option-click with the Selector AFTER the selection end point to set the post-roll
How do you enable/disable pre/post roll?
Option-click with the Selector in the first half of a selection to disable pre-roll; in the second half to disable post-roll.
ALSO: Options > Pre/Post Roll
How do you set pre/post roll to the same amount?
Option-drag either the Pre-Roll or Post-Roll flag and the other will immediately reset to the same value.
What are the differences between timebase and conductor rulers?
Timebase Rulers refer to specific points in time (Bars:Beats Min:Sec, Samples, Time Code / Time Code 2, Feet:Frames) while Conductor Rulers refer to location and degree of changes in meter or tempo (Tempo, Meter, Key, Chords, Markers)
How do you display different rulers?
View > Rulers OR Click the Ruler View Selector in the Edit Window
How do you add tempo and meter events?
1. Click the ADD METER CHANGE button (+ sign) at the left of the Meter ruler
2. Control-click at the location desired on the Meter or Tempo ruler; the cursor becomes the Grabber tool with a + sign
3. Meter events only: double-click the Current Meter display in the MIDI Controls section of the Edit Window / Transport window
How do you create a linear tempo change?
Event > Tempo Operations > Linear; specify start and end time start and end tempo, and other advanced options
How do you enable the Click?
1. Click the Metronome button in the MIDI Controls section
2. Options > Click
Which menu do you enable the Click with?
Options > Click
Which menu allows you to access the Click/Countoff Options dialog?
Setup > Click/Countoff OR Double-click the Metronome button or Countoff value
What are the two ways to quantize MIDI information upon recording?
1. Event > Event Operations > Input Quantize
2. Event > Event Operations > Step Input
Which menu allows you to access MIDI quantization options?
Event > Event Operations > Quantize
What is turned off when Step Input is enabled?
taken out of record-enable
Each previously record-enabled MIDI track is and the Default Thru Instrument is disabled (if one is defined in Setup > Preferences > MIDI)
Which menu allows you to enable loop record?
Options > Loop Record
Options menu loop record?
How do you automatically create new playlists when loop recording?
Setup > Preferences > Operation > Automatically Create New Playlists When Loop Recording checkbox is enabled; each take will be copied automatically to a new playlist in the track.
How do you cancel all recorded takes while loop recording?
If Loop Recording is stopped in the middle of the take will the take be saved?
Only if you record more than half of the looped take.
How do you switch the record enabled MIDI track on the fly while loop recording?
Hold Command and use the Up/Down arrows to record-enable the previous or next MIDI-compatible track.
What is the difference between loop recording and loop playback with MIDI Merge?
Loop Record is used to record multiple takes; Loop Playback with MIDI Merge is used to record layered overdubs.
How do you audition loop recorded takes?
Command-click with the Selector tool anywhere within a selected region and select Match Criteria
OR Right-click the region with the Selector or Grabber tool and select Matches > Match Criteria
Once Match Criteria is specified use either method above to select the desired Take.
How do you view the Takes list?
Once Match Criteria is specified:
Command-click with the Selector tool anywhere within a selected region and select a different take
OR Right click the region with the Selector or Grabber tool and select Matches > desired take
Which track timebase is tick-based?
What is the tick value of a ¼ note?
What is the tick value of a 1/8 note?
What timebase do audio tracks default to?
What timebase do MIDI tracks default to?
What are the two general types of virtual instruments?
Plug-In Virtual Instruments (real-time software plug-ins that run with Pro Tools)
Stand-Alone Virtual Instruments (run independently of Pro Tools and connect via ReWire)
Which specific virtual instruments are made by A.I.R.?
Hybrid Strike, Velvet, Structure, Transfuser, Xpand!2
How do you monitor sound from Stand-Alone Virtual Instruments?
1. Through Pro Tools software via ReWire
2. Through the computer's built-in sound capabilities (i.e. Core Audio)
3. Directly through Digidesign hardware (without running Pro Tools software)
What is Transfuser?
A modular loop-manipulating beat-munging groove generator for Pro Tools.
What is M.A.R.I.O.?
Musical Advanced Random Intelligent Operations; a musical randomization algorithm that lets you create variations of your sequencer patterns by clicking on a single button. Each click creates a new variation of the original pattern.
Where is M.A.R.I.O. located?
The controls for M.A.R.I.O. are located in the Editor Pane of Transfuser.
How many patches/parts does Xpand!2 contain?
Each PATCH contains up to 4 PARTS and their settings; there are 1200 available synthesizer presets or PARTS.
How many filters does Hybrid contain?
23 filter modes (including low-pass hi-pass, band-pass and all-pass [phase shifter] modes with resonance) with true saturation and Audio Rate Modulation
How many patches does Hybrid contain?
Over 256 patches
How do you load a Preset in Hybrid?
Click on the Librarian at the top of the window select a category folder, and choose a preset.
What is Structure LE?
An RTAS plugin that adds an advanced sample player to Pro Tools.
What are Structure's Smart Knobs?
Each Patch within Structure has six Smart Knobs
which can be assigned to one or more parameters within the patch, allowing for quick adjustment of a patch's feel, timbre, enveloping or other parameter
What are Structure's Key Switches?
Key Switches are special MIDI notes or keys that are assigned to change control values rather than trigger notes
How many ReWire streams does Pro Tools allow?
Up to 64 audio streams from ReWire-compatible applications.
Does ProTools allow you to record CC data from ReWire clients?
1. Click the MIDI Input Selector for the MIDI/Instrument track and select the ReWire instrument you want to receive data from
2. Record-enable the track
3. Enable MIDI Merge to preserve existing MIDI data
4. Start recording in Pro Tools
5. Switch to the ReWire application
6. Adjust the desired parameter and its changes will be recorded onto the Pro Tools track as MIDI CC data
How do you enable Elastic Audio?
On an audio track
click on the track's Elastic Audio Plug-in Selector and select the appropriate plug-in for your material from the pop-up menu.
How can you make the track update dynamically to match any tempo changes you make in the session?
Click the track's Timebase selector and select Ticks from the pop-up menu.
How do you conform a region to the current session tempo?
After selecting a region on an Elastic Audio-enabled track
select Region > Conform To Tempo OR Right-click on the Region and select Conform To Tempo
What are the three best methods for automatically creating Elastic Audio tracks?
1. Setup > Preferences > Processing > Enable Elastic Audio On New Tracks then select a plug-in
2. Enable the Audio Files Conform To Session Tempo option when dragging/dropping from DigiBase browsers onto Elastic Audio-enabled tick-based tracks
3. Enable REX and ACID Files Only or All Files under Setup > Preferences > Processing > Drag And Drop From Desktop Conforms To Session Tempo
What are the 5 types of Elastic Audio plug-ins?
1. Polyphonic (general all-purpose)
2. Rhythmic (best suited for drums / clear attack transients)
3. Monophonic (monophonic material where it is important to keep the formants intact)
4. Varispeed (links time and pitch for tape-like speed change effects)
5. X-Form (provides Rendered Elastic Audio only, cannot process in real-time)
Which Elastic Audio plug-in provides rendered-only processing?
Why would you want to use rendered processing on an Elastic Audio track?
The X-Form plug-in provides the highest quality time-compression algorithms (up to 4x as powerful) for music production sound design, and audio loop applications. Also it can be useful to apply X-Form processing in order to use less plug-ins.
What is Elastic Audio analysis and how is it used?
Elastic Audio analysis detects transient events in the audio file and uses them to calculate the native tempo/duration of the file in Bars|Beats. Transient events in the file are tagged & indicated as Event markers which can be manipulated in the Warp & Analysis track views.
How does Elastic Audio analysis relate to tempo detection?
Elastic Audio analysis attempts to detect a regular tempo for all analyzed audio.
What is Event Confidence?
The level of event confidence is based on the relative clarity of transient events detected within an audio file.
How do amplitude and frequency affect Event Confidence?
Higher event confidence usually occurs in higher frequency content and peak amplitude is NOT the most important measure for event confidence
How do you adjust event sensitivity?
Region > Elastic Properties OR Right-click region > Elastic Properties
- Click in the Event Sensitivity field and adjust the value as needed.
What are the track views for Elastic Audio?
1. Analysis view: This view lets you edit detected Event markers.
2. Warp view: This view lets you manually "warp" audio to adjust the timing of audio events.
Which view allows you to see where Elastic Audio analysis has detected transient events?
Which view allows you to fix the audio to specific points in the timeline?
What are Event Markers and what do they look like?
They indicate detected (or manually created) audio events, and are displayed as a solid black (Analysis) or grey (Warp) line that does not fully extend to the top/bottom of the track.
What are Warp Markers and what do they look like?
They anchor the audio to specific poins in the Timeline and are displayed in Warp view only as thick black vertical lines with a triangle at their base.
What are Tempo Event Generated Warp Markers?
They indicate where Elastic Audio processing has been applied to conform the audio to Tempo Events. They cannot be edited. They are only visible on tick-based tracks and appear as gray vertical lines with a diamond at the top that do NOT fully extend to the bottom of the track.
How do you add Event Markers?
In Analysis view ONLY:
- click at the desired location with the Pencil tool
- double-click with the Grabber tool
- Control-click with the Grabber tool
- Right-click with any edit tool and select Add Event Marker
How do you move Event Markers?
Drag the Event Marker with the Pencil or Grabber tool while in Analysis view.
How do you delete Event Markers?
Option-click with the Pencil or Grabber tool OR
- Select with the Selector tool then press Delete
- Select, then right-click and choose Remove Event Marker
What are the 3 ways to warp audio?
1. Telescoping: warps entire selection based on selected Event marker
2. Accordion: warps selection on either side of a fixed Warp marker
3. Range: warps selection based on position of 3 or more Warp markers
What does a Warp Indicator look like?
The bottom stem-and-triangle of a Warp Marker appearing in the upper-right corner of any region that has been warped, either manually or automatically.
What are the two ways to access elastic audio pitch transposition?
1. Select a region right-click and select Elastic Properties OR Region > Elastic Properties OR Option-Num
2. Select a region, Event > Event Operations > Transpose
NOTE: For finer control over the pitch transposition results, use Elastic Properties (control in cents)
Does undoing pitch transposition affect audio quality?
NO: Since pitch transposition is an Elastic Audio property it can be changed at anytime without having a cumulative detrimental effect on audio quality.
Can you undo pitch transposition?
YES: Select a region and then:
- Region > Elastic Properties OR
- Right-click the region and choose Elastic Properties
Remove all transposition by setting the fields to 0 or adjust the numbers in the fields to change the amount applied
What are the different ways to view MIDI information?
1. Regions view (shows whole regions but does not allow editing of MIDI notes)
2. MIDI Track Notes View (shows individual notes; a mini-keyboard will allow you to scroll up or down)
3. MIDI Track Velocity View (shows the attack velocity of each note in the MIDI track with a vertical indicator called a velocity stalk)
NOTE: Velocity View can also be shown as a controller Lane.
What are the components of a MIDI track?
1. MIDI Input Selector: allows you to select which MIDI device/channel the track will listen to (ALL if desired)
2. MIDI Output Selector: selects the output channels for MIDI playback (multiple can be selected)
3. Record Enable button (can be selected on multiple tracks
4. Patch Select Button (select the default program change for a MIDI or instrument track)
5. Solo, Pan, Mute, Volume
6. Meter: indicates velocity values for individual MIDI events in the track.
What is the difference between MIDI Thru and Default Thru instrument?
1. MIDI Thru: Options > MIDI Thru to enable; used when recording onto a MIDI/Instrument track or monitoring through a record-enabled MIDI/Instrument track, AND when monitoring with the Default Thru Instrument.
2. Default Thru Instrument: Setup > Preferences; used when monitoring a MIDI controller without a record-enabled MIDI/Instrument track AND when auditioning a MIDI region in the Region List
How do you audition MIDI Regions in the Regions List?
1. Select the Default Thru Instrument.
2. If using Follow First Selected select the desired source track.
3. Option-click on the MIDI region in the Region List to play it back using the Default Thru Instrument.
How do MIDI and Audio tracks differ in terms of destructive/nondestructive editing?
1. If a MIDI region resides in just one track at a single location editing for that region is destructive.
2. When editing a MIDI region that appears elsewhere in the session, the editing is nondestructive and creates a new auto-created region.
What does the Smart Pencil do?
When editing in Notes view the Pencil tool acts like a Smart Tool:
- becomes a Grabber when placed over the middle of a MIDI event
- becomes a Trim tool when placed over either end of a MIDI event
- Option changes to the Selector tool, Note Selector tool, or Eraser tool
- Control activates a Marquee Grabber (crosshair) tool
- Command activates the Velocity Trimmer when the Pencil is placed in the middle of a MIDI note.
How do you temporarily suspend grid mode?
Command-drag after clicking with the Pencil tool to temporarily suspend the grid and create non-constrained note durations.
How do you change the Default Note Duration?
There is a selector indicated by the appropriate symbol next to a Pencil, in the Edit window toolbar. You can set a Default Note Duration OR have it match the selected Grid value.
What are the different ways to select MIDI notes?
1. Shift-click each note with the Grabber or Pencil tool
2. Drag a rectangle around a group of notes with the Grabber tool
3. Control-click around the notes with the Pencil tool
4. Drag across a range of notes with the Selector tool
5. Option-drag with the Pencil tool to use it as a Selector (I-beam tool) or a Note Selector
How can you select a single pitch for the entire length of a track?
Click on a note in a MIDI/Instrument track's mini-keyboard with any tool.
How can you select a range of pitches with the on-screen keyboard?
1. Click on a key at one end of the range then Shift-click on a key at the other end of the range, on the mini-keyboard, OR
2. Click and drag across a range of keys, on the mini-keyboard
How can you transpose MIDI notes?
Using the Grabber tool.
How can you delete MIDI notes?
1. Select note(s) using the Grabber or Selector tool then press Delete or choose Edit > Clear.
2. Hold Option with the Pencil tool in Notes view to use the Eraser tool and click a note to delete it
3. In Pro Tools 8, double-click with the Grabber or Pencil tool.
What is the difference between grid quantize and groove quantize?
Grid quantize: MIDI notes will be quantized to a strict timing grid.
Groove quantize: MIDI notes are quantized to a groove template a file used to apply a different rhythmic feel to a MIDI sequence or a series of audio regions or Elastic Audio events.
How do you quantize Audio regions?
Events > Event Operations > Quantize OR Option-0 (zero); select Audio Regions; configure the parameters as desired and click Apply.
What additional options are available for quantization?
Swing: shifts every other grid boundary by the specified percentage value to achieve a "swing" feel
Include Within: quantizes events only when within the specified percentage of the Quantize Grid
Exclude Within: quantizes events only when outside of the specified percentage of the Quantize Grid
Strength: Moves events by a percentage towards the Quantize Grid
What happens when you double-click a MIDI region?
The MIDI Editor opens
How do you change what happens when you double-click a MIDI region?
Setup > Preferences > MIDI > Double-Clicking a MIDI Region Opens
What are the two MIDI Real-Time Properties views?
1. Real-Time Properties View in the Edit Window
2. Real-Time Properties window
Which view allows you to change properties without affecting the underlying MIDI performance?
Edit window View
Which types of tracks can Real-Time Properties be applied to?
MIDI and Instrument tracks only.
Can Real-Time Properties be applied to tracks or regions?
BOTH. The Real-Time Properties View in the Edit window applies only to Tracks. To apply to Regions use the Real-Time Properties Window.
Where are Fade Files stored?
In the Fade Files folder.
What are the fade preset curves?
1. Keeps the region at full volume dropping immediately at the end of the fade.
2/3. Fades out region slowly, keeping the volume fairly high until the end, where it rapidly fades out.
4. Fades out with a linear fade (default)
5/6. Fades out more quickly at the beginning and slows down through the middle/end of the fade.
7. Silences the region at the beginning of the fade.
What are the Slope settings in the Fades dialog box and what are they used for?
Slope is used for fade-ins or fade-outs. The two options are Equal Power and Equal Gain. Equal Power fades tend to retain more of their amplitude for a greater portion of the fade in comparison to Equal Gain fades.
What are the Link settings in the Fades dialog box and what are they used for?
Link is the same as Slope but is used for crossfades, linking the selected fade-out and fade-in curves and ensuring that adjusting one will equally adjust the corresponding curve. The options:
- Equal Power: works best for crossfading between two completely different types of material
- Equal Gain: best for crossfading between two identical regions or instruments
- None: disables the Link and lets you adjust the curve shapes and start & end points separately.
Where can you delete multiple fades?
Select the region range, or regions that contain fades, then choose Edit > Fades > Delete.
What must be considered when applying fades to Elastic Audio enabled tracks?
Pro Tools' Elastic Audio processes butt-spliced regions on a Real-Time Elastic Audio-enabled track separately even though they are contiguous on the track; this can result in an audible pop when playing back across the transition between regions. To compensate, Pro Tools applies microfades to region boundaries on RTEA-enabled tracks. These last only about 1.5 milliseconds (64 samples at 44kHz, 128 @ 96kHz, and 256 @ 192kHz)
Can Elastic Audio processing be applied to fades?
NO despite the fact that fades can be placed on regions on Elastic Audio-enabled tracks.
In an AudioSuite plug-in what is the Plug-In Selector?
A pop-up menu that allows you to switch to a different plug-in while still retaining your audio selection (only 1 plug-in at a time)
In an AudioSuite plug-in what is the Selection Reference?
Designates where the AudioSuite plug-in looks for an audio selection to process (playlist or Region list)
In an AudioSuite plug-in what is Use In Playlist?
Controls whether the processed audio replaces your selection in the track playlist. When selected, newly processed audio will appear in both the Region List and the track playlist.
- it will ONLY replace the currently selected audio, including partial regions, if Selection Reference is set to Playlist
- it will replace ALL occurrences of the selected region, but NO partial regions, if Selection Reference is set to Region List.
In an AudioSuite plug-in what is File Mode?
Determines how an AudioSuite plug-in writes a processed file to the session:
- Overwrite: processes & overwrites selected part of the original sound file, permanently changing it and all instances of in the session. (Not available on all plug-ins.) Irreversible.
- Create Individual Files: processes the audio & then adds the new files to the session, leaving the original audio files & regions in the Region List unchanged.
- Create Continuous File: processes the audio, consolidates it into a new single file, and adds it to the session, leaving the originals unchanged.
In an AudioSuite plug-in what is Process Mode?
Determines how an AudioSuite plug-in analyzes selections that contain multiple regions:
- Region By Region: analyzes each region in a section individually (helpful for Normalization)
- Entire Selection: analyzes an entire selection of regions, treating them as one whole region, and applies the same degree of processing to all of them.
How do you select a range of regions in the Regions List?
Hold the Command key and move the cursor to the left of the region name until the Marquee cursor appears then click and drag to select or deselect several items. OR Shift-click
How do you select non-contiguous regions in the Regions List?
Command-click on individual items to select/deselect them non-contiguously.
What is the Find dialog in the Regions bin?
Regions List > Find OR Command-Shift-F. Offers options for searching by name and for displaying regions created or added to your session subsequent to initiating the search.
What does Include Subsequently Added Regions do?
When selected a Find will clear the display and show only newly added regions going forward. A plus sign will appear at the top of the Region List to indicate that this option is selected.
When removing regions what is the difference between REMOVE and DELETE?
REMOVE: the parent audio file remains on the hard drive and can be used in other regions elsewhere in the session or in other sessions. (Has no effect on hard drive usage of the session.)
DELETE: all regions referring to that file are removed from the session and the file is permanently deleted from the hard drive.
What is compacting?
The process of removing audio from a file which is not used in any region (excluding whole-file regions). It is a final step that should be used when there is no further use for the unused audio data in any Pro Tools sessions.
How do you access the color palette?
Window > Color Palette
Which menu can you access region looping from?
Region > Loop OR Command-Option-L
which will open the Region Looping dialog box
Which aspects of your session does the color palette affect?
Tracks regions in tracks, regions in the Region List, groups, and markers
How do you loop multiple selections on multiple tracks as a group?
You can select regions across multiple tracks for looping. However only the first region in the selection will loop. To loop multiple regions, group the regions first, then loop the region group.
How would you change the aspects of a loop after you have looped it?
Loop Settings can be changed at any time with the same key commands for opening the Region Looping dialog box as well as double-clicking with the Grabber or Selector tool, or right-clicking and selecting Loop.
What main consideration must be taken into account for working with a region loop nested group?
Looped regions can be combined with other regions into region groups which can then be looped again, effectively creating nested loops. However, you will only be able to edit the loop settings for the top level of loop iterations without unlooping.
How do you temporarily enforce grid mode while trimming?
What is the difference between ABSOLUTE and RELATIVE Grid modes?
ABSOLUTE: moving any region or MIDI note snaps its start to the Grid boundaries.
RELATIVE: regions and MIDI notes are moved by Grid units; positions relative to the nearest Grid setting will be preserved.
How do you separate regions on the grid?
Select regions and choose the desired Grid value then choose Edit > Separate Region > On Grid. Set the Pre-Separate Amount if desired and click OK (Will automatically unloop and flatten looped regions before separating them)
How do you separate regions at transients?
Edit > Separate Regions > At Transients (Will automatically unloop and flatten looped regions before separating them)
What is the difference between the Normal Trim tool and the Loop Trim tool?
Functions the exact same way except that the Loop Trim tool can create looped regions from any region (including unlooped regions), when placed over the top half of a region
How many modes does Beat Detective have?
1. Bar|Beat Marker Generation
2. Groove Template Extraction
3. Region Separation (Audio Only)
4. Region Conform (Audio Only)
5. Edit Smoothing (Audio Only)
Which menu can Beat Detective be accessed from?
Event > Beat Detective OR Command-Num
How many Beat Detective modes work with MIDI?
1. Bar|Beat Marker Generation
2. Groove Template Extraction
How many Beat Detective modes work with audio only?
3. Region Separation (Audio Only)
4. Region Conform (Audio Only)
5. Edit Smoothing (Audio Only)
What are the five different automation modes in Pro Tools LE?
Off / Read / Touch / Latch / Write
How do you globally enable/disable automation?
Window > Automation then click Suspend to turn suspension on or off (RED means enabled, GREY means suspended. Can do this for individual components as well.)
How do you enable or disable automation on a specific track?
Command-click the automation lane name to temporarily suspend it on an individual track.
How do you change all tracks to view automation lanes?
Hold Option and click the Show/Hide Lanes button at the head of one of the tracks.
How do you enable automation for plug-ins?
Click the Plug-In Automation Enable button on a plug-in. OR Control-Option-Command-click it to enable automation on all parameters.
In which ways can you manipulate automation data?
Graphically automation data is manipulated through breakpoints, which can be added, deleted, moved, copied, pasted, scaled and nudged
How do you delete a break point?
Option-click with the Grabber tool.
In which ways can you manipulate automation data specifically with the Grabber tool?
Click to create breakpoints drag to move them, Option-click to delete them.
How can you copy automation data from one parameter to another?
Edit > Paste Special > To Current Automation Type or press Control-Command-V
What are the Track Type icons?
How do you solo-safe a track?
Command-click on the Solo button on a track. Tracks in Solo Safe mode will not be muted when you solo other tracks.
What can Master Faders be used for?
1. Control the master output levels of output & bus paths
2. provide post-fader effects processing
3. provide master level control for main mix headphone/cue mix, stems, effects sends, and other signal routing applications
How many inserts are available in Pro Tools 8?
How many inserts are available in Pro Tools 7?