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50 terms

Medical Terminology Ch.9

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uremia
blood condition of urine
organs of the urinary system
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, one urinary bladder, and a urethra
balance of proper electrolytes and water
what does homeostasis regulate in the kidney?
what you would expect to find in a normal UA
clear, pale yellow to deep gold, pH 5.0-8.0, no protein, no glucose, no ketones, no blood
poorly controlled diabetes, dehydration, starvation, and ingestion of large amounts of aspirin
what does the presence of ketones in the urine indicate?
protein
a pregnant woman with preeclampsia may have what in her urine?
glomerul/o
combining form for glomerulus
-urea
suffix for urine
sodium, Potassium, Chloride, and Bicarbonate
list all the electrolytes that are associated with the kidney function
nephrolith
kidney stone
cystoplasty
surgical repair of the bladder
nephroptosis
drooping kidney
nephromalacia
kidney softening
urethralgia
pain in the urethra
pyelitis
renal pelvis inflammation
hematuria
blood in the urine
dysuria
difficult urination
oliguria
scanty amount of urine
azotemia
accumulation of nitrogenous waste in the blood stream
frequency
the urge to urinate, without an increase in total daily volume of urine
urgency
feeling the need to urinate immediately
renal colic
pain associated with a kidney stone
stricture
narrowing of a path in the urinary system
glomerulonephritis
condition that allows RBCs and protein to enter the filtrate
nephroptosis
condition of a floating kidney is called what?
retention of urine and loss of nervous control
a neurogenic bladder results in what?
bladder cancer
hematuria may be a symptom of what?
hydronephrosis
what condition affects the renal pelvis?
nephrolithiasis
medical term for a person suffering from stones in the kidney
nocturia
condition of frequent nighttime urination
polyuria
condition of too much urine
blood urea nitrogen
test that measures the amount of nitrogenous waste in the blood
creatinine clearance
lab test that requires the collection of urine for 24 hours
urine culture and sensitivity
lab tests that are used to identify an infection of the kidney
excretory urography
x-ray of organs of the urinary system using a dye injected into the bloodstream
cystography
test that visualizes the bladder with x-rays after inserting dye directly into the bladder
NP intravenous pyelogram
abbreviation for x-ray that visualizes the renal pelvis with dye
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
use of ultrasound waves to break up kidney stones - noninvasive
hemodialysis
medical term for an artificial kidney machine
nephromegaly
enlarged kidney
nephroma
kidney tumor
uremia
condition when waste products are allowed to build up in the blood
Na
Sodium
HCO3
bicarbonate
K
potassium
BUN
Blood urea nitrogen
KUB
Kidneys, ureters, bladder
UA
urinalysis
IVP
intravenous pyelogram
ESWL
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy