1. Force theory- the strongest in an area dominate and rule over others
2. Evolutionary theory- the head of one dominate family ruled an area, and out of this evolved larger units such as clans, tribes, etc. (Adams, Roosevelts, Bushes, Kennedys)
3. Divine Right theory- God created the state and placed those who rule in power as God's representative Ex. Kings, queens
4. Social Contract- agreement between people to create a state and government to work in the best interest of the "people"