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psychology test 1
Terms in this set (69)
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
anything you do
are private, internal experiences
what does psychology place high value on?
empirical evidence and critical thinking
any unfounded systems that resemble psychology and is NOT based on scientific testing.
personality traits revealed by shape of skull and bumps on your head
"the study of the mind"
who was the person who started the phrenology logic?
Franz Joseph Gall
what did Franz Joseph Gall claim about phrenology?
that personality traits are revealed by the shape and size of the skull and bumps on its surface.
what are 4 careers in psychology?
require a masters degree or doctorate and they are highly trained in the methods, knowledge, and theories of psychology.
require a medical degree and can diagnose and treat mental illness through psychotherapy and or by prescribing medicine.
require masters degrees or Ph.D and psychotherapy training in Freudian psychoanalysis, and needs to be a mental health professional who conducts psychoanalysis, and specific type of therapy.
require to have a masters degree and experience license they counsel people with milder problems, does not treat mental disorders specialized area
where psychologist work?
-teach and do research
private practice/ mental health
-give psychological test, psychotherapy
-to business, industries, government, or the military
4 goal of psychology
what goal do you name and classify the behaviors based on making a detailed record of behavioral observations and tells "what" occurred
what goal tells "why" a behavior or mental process control
what goal can figure out how and when people will act in a situation?
what goal applies psychological knowledge to prevent unwanted behavior or to bring about desired goals (mostly positive)
when did psychology become a science?
what is psychology a branch off of?
who is the father of psychology?
who came up with behaviorism?
John B. Watson
the study of observable behavior
what is John B. Watson's main belief in behaviorism?
that our environment is a strong determinate of our behavior
gestalt psychology, slogan: "the whole is greater than the sum of its parts" perception and personality
who did the study of the unconscious mind?
contents of the mind that are beyond awareness
what does sigmund Freud believe our behavior is deeply influenced by?
our unconscious thoughts, wishes, and desires especially sex and aggression
Freud theorized that many unconscious thoughts are ______.
an unconscious process in which memories, thoughts or impulses are held out of awareness because they are threatening. but they are often revealed through dreams, emotions, or Freudian Slips
is when you say one thing but you mean another
what did Freud right?
"the interpretation of dreams"
what did Freud create that was considered the first talking cure?
who are two humanistic psychologist?
the ongoing process of developing ones potential to the fullest and becoming the best person possible
the ability to make voluntary choices
a state of self-fulfillment
what are the 3 parts of cognitive psychology?
genetics and other biological processes in the brain and other part of the nervous system
biopsychological/ biological psychology
natural selection, adaptation, and evolution of behavior and mental processes
social interaction and cultural determinants of behavior and mental processes
5 steps of the research method
1. naturalistic observation
2. correlational method
3. experimental method
4. clinical method/ case study
5. survey method
observing behavior in its natural setting without interfering
finds the degree of relationship between two things
the most powerful research tool. psychologists control conditions in experiments to identify cause and effect relationships
changes in behavior that result from expectations that a drug or other treatment will have some effect (fake pill, saline)
only the subjects have no idea whether they get the real drug or placebo
single blind experiment
subjects and experimenters have no idea whether the subjects get the real treatment or placebo
double blind experiment
an In depth investigation of an individual or small group of people usually suffering from some injury, disease, or disorder
who was an example of a case study and why?
it suggested that certain parts of the brain controlled kinds of behavior
what area of phineas Gage's brain was damaged?
research in which the subjects are asked a series of questions about their behavior, thoughts, and attitudes. (questionnaires, interviews)
jessica earned a MASTERS DEGREE and then spent two years being SUPERVISED as she helped clients SOLVE PROBLEMS WITH THEIR JOBS AND FAMILIES. Jessica is most likely a?
what psychological professional is allowed to PRESCRIBE DRUGSTORE in all 50 states?
a practitioner with and M.D. or Ph.D who is intensively TRAINED IN THE THEORIES OF SIGMUND FREUD (PSYCHOANALYSIS) is probably a?
what type of psychologist would be most likely to put together a PERSONALITY PROFILE OR A CRIMINAL FOR THE FBI?
involved in DETECTION OF A LEARNING DISABILITY
Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow belong to which view of behavior in psychology?
who is the father of psychology?
"the whole is greater than the sum of its parts" who said this?
the idea that threatening thoughts are sometimes repressed would be most interest to?
you see a psychologist and tell her that you are feeling depressed. the psychologist focuses on those ACTIVITIES YOU ENGAGE IN CURRENTLY around which you feel depressed, and she talks with you about setting SPECIFIC MEASURABLE GOALS that move you toward changing these activities. the psychologist would probably believe in what view of psychology?
you see a psychologist and tell him that you are feeling depressed. the psychologist talks to you about your PAST and attempts to LINK YOUR PRESENT SITUATION WITH PATTERNS DEVELOPED IN YOUR CHILDHOOD during your RELATIONSHIP WITH YOUR PARENTS. The psychologist would probably follow what view of psychology?
you see a psychologist and tell her that you are feeling depressed. she talks to you about the way you feel ABOUT YOURSELF; ABOUT YOUR IMAGE OF YOURSELF, and about the CHOICES that you make in your life and that you COULD make in your life. This psychologist would probably follow what view of psychology?
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