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90 terms

Medical Terminology, Chapter 1 Terms, Intro to Medical Terminology

Medical terminology terms
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abdominocentesis
the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
abnormal
not normal or away from normal
acronym
a word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term
acute
a condition that has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration
addiction
drawn toward or a strong dependence on a drug or substance
angiogram
the film produced by angiography
angiography
the process of producing a radiograph (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium
appendectomy
the surgical removal of the appendix
appendicitis
an inflammation of the appendix
arteriomalacia
the abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries
arterionecrosis
the tissue death of an artery
arteriosclerosis
the abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
arteriostenosis
the abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries
arthralgia
pain in a joint or joints
arthroscopy
the visual examination of the internal structure of a joint
atheroma
a fatty deposit within the wall of an artery
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
colostomy
the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface
colotomy
a surgical incision into the colon
cranium
the portion of the skull that encloses the brain
cyanosis
blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood
dermatologist
a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
diagnosis
the identification of a disease
diarrhea
the frequent flow of loose or watery stools
dysfunctional
an organ or body part that is not working properly
edema
swelling caused by excess fluid in the body tissues
endarterial
pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
eponym
a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first
erythrocyte
a mature red blood cell
euthyroid
a normally functioning thyroid gland
fissure
a groove or crack-like sore of the skin
fistula
an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body
gastralgia
pain in the stomach
gastritis
an inflammation of the stomach
gastrodynia
pain in the stomach
gastroenteritis
an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
gastrosis
any disease of the stomach
hemorrhage
the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
hepatomegaly
abnormal enlargement of the liver
hypertension
higher than normal blood pressure
hypotension
lower than normal blood pressure
ileum
the last and longest portion of the small intestine
ilium
part of the hip bone
infection
the invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease producing) organism
inflammation
a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues
interstitial
between, but not within, the parts of a tissue
intramuscular
within the muscle
laceration
a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
lesion
a pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
leukocyte
a white blood cell
melanosis
any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues or organs
mycosis
any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus
myelopathy
any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
myopathy
any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
myoplasty
the surgical repair of a muscle
myorrhaphy
the surgical suturing of a muscle wound
myorrhexis
the rupture of a muscle
natal
pertaining to birth
neonatology
the study of disorders of the newborn
neuritis
inflammation of a nerve or nerves
neuroplasty
the surgical repair of a nerve
otorhinolaryngology
the study of the ears, nose, and throat
palpation
an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
palpitation
a pounding or racing heart
pathology
the study of all aspects of diseases
perinatal
the time and events surrounding birth
phalanges
the bones of the fingers and toes
poliomyelitis
a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord
postnatal
the time and events after birth
prenatal
the time and events before birth
prognosis
a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
prostate
a male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra
prostrate
to collapse and be lying flat or to be overcome with exhaustion
pyelitis
an inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyoderma
any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection
pyrosis
discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus
remission
the temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure
sign
objective evidence of disease such as a fever
subcostal
below a rib or ribs
supination
the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
suppuration
the formation or discharge of pus
supracostal
above or outside the ribs
symptom
subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or a headache
syndrome
a set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
tonsillectomy
the surgical removal of the tonsils
tonsillitis
an inflammation of the tonsils
trauma
wound or injury
triage
the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
viral
pertaining to a virus
virile
having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male