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something from a former time which is out of place in the present


adding of a person to am approved list of saints.


the shading with light and dark to achieve a sculptural effect

Colossal Order

an architectural element which runs through three stories uninterrupted


human stance in which the hips and the legs are one way, the shoulders and chest another-it results in a shift in weight which creates tension on one side and relaxation on the other


involved modeling one's work after another artist.


gift of money by a wealthy family to build a chapel as expressions of piety and devotion

Equestrian Statue

featured a person riding horseback (a moveable throne)


the diminishing of certain dimensions of an object or figure in order to depict it in correct spatial relationship


for the Italians this embraced an emphasis on education and expanding knowledge (especially classical antiquity) and an exploration of individual potential and a desire to excel, as well as commitment to civic responsibility and moral duty.


copying the works of the masters


those who have suffered and died for Christianity


wealthy individuals who commissioned numerous art works and buildings. They were heads of princely courts who often hired court artists and their courts were centers of power and culture


a likeness of the person being painted or sculpted

Princely Courts

the prince was in essence the lord of a territory. He could often have been a duke, marquis, cardinal, pope, tyrant or papal vicar.


a way station between heaven and hell where persons could atone for their sins before Judgment Day


rebirth of interest in the art, literature, architecture and life of the Greco-Roman world


person who has demonstrated a dedication to God's service

Spatial Illusion

an attempt to show three dimensional space on a two dimensional surface

Tactile Value

the painting evokes the memory of the sensation felt from the texture on the painting

Trompe L'oeil

"fool the eye"

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