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human stance in which the hips and the legs are one way, the shoulders and chest another-it results in a shift in weight which creates tension on one side and relaxation on the other
the diminishing of certain dimensions of an object or figure in order to depict it in correct spatial relationship
for the Italians this embraced an emphasis on education and expanding knowledge (especially classical antiquity) and an exploration of individual potential and a desire to excel, as well as commitment to civic responsibility and moral duty.
wealthy individuals who commissioned numerous art works and buildings. They were heads of princely courts who often hired court artists and their courts were centers of power and culture
the prince was in essence the lord of a territory. He could often have been a duke, marquis, cardinal, pope, tyrant or papal vicar.
a way station between heaven and hell where persons could atone for their sins before Judgment Day
rebirth of interest in the art, literature, architecture and life of the Greco-Roman world
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