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CCDM, Control of communicable disease
Terms in this set (15)
Identification of shigellosis
bacterial disease involving the distal small intestine and colon
characteristics of shigellosis
loose stools of small volume, fever, nausea, and sometimes toxaemia, vomiting, cramps, and tenesmus.
T/F Convulsions may be an important complication in young children
isolation of shigella from feces or rectal swabs provides...
the bacteriological diagnosis
Infection is usually associated with large numbers of fecal leukocytes detected through microscopical examination of stool mucus stained with...
methylene blue or gram
the genus shigella comprises 4 species:
Occurance or shigellosis
worldwide, causes an estimated 600,000 deaths per year
Reservoir of shigellosis
only significant reservoir is humans
Mode of transmission
direct or indirect fecal oral transmission from a symptomatic patient or a short term asymptomatic carrier.
Infection may occur...
after ingestion of contaminated food or water as well as from person to person.
primary modes of transmission
people who fail to clean hands and under fingernails after defication, flies can transfer from latrines to uncovered food
Incubation period is...
usually 1-3 days
Period of communicability of shigellosis
until the infectious agent is no longer present in feces, usually within 4 weeks after illness
Is there a vaccine available for shigellosis?
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Advanced Transcription Terms CH.3