29 terms

7th Grade 2017 - Gifted Elements of Poetry

Compiled by Georgia Frisch
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Terms in this set (...)

Alliteration
The repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginnings of several words in a line of poetry
Allusion
A reference to something with which the reader is likely to be familiar, such as a person, place, or event from history or literature
Assonance
Likeness in sound, as in a series of words or syllables
Figurative language
The tools that a poet uses to create a special effect or feeling. It includes metaphor, simile, alliteration, personification, and onomatopoeia
Free verse
Poetry that is written without a regular rhyme scheme, meter, or form
Haiku
A Japanese poem based on specific pattern of lines (3) and syllables (5-7-5)
Idiom
A common phrase made up of words that can not be understood by their literal , or ordinary, meanings
Imagery
Language that appeals to the five senses - touch, taste, smell, hearing and sight
Limerick
An Irish poem with a specific amount of lines (5) and a specific ending rhyme pattern: A-A-B-B-A
Lyric poem
A short poem that directly expresses the poet's thoughts and emotions in a musical way
Metaphor
A direct comparison between two unlike things. It does not use the words "like" or "as"
Meter
Is a recurring pattern of stressed (accented, or long) and unstressed (unaccented, or short) syllables in lines of a set length. For example, suppose a line contains ten syllables (set length) in which the first syllable is unstressed, the second is stressed, the third is unstressed, the forth is stressed, and so on until the line reaches the tenth syllable
Mood
The feeling created in the reader by a poem or story. Words, phrases, repetition, rhyme, and exaggeration all work together to create this.
Narrative poem
A poem that tells a story. Narrative poems have all the elements you would find in a short story: character, setting, conflict, and plot
Onomatopoeia
The use of words that sound like the noises they describe such as buzz, flutter, etc.
Oxymoron
Making a comparison by using opposites. The comparison's true intent is implied but unclear
Personification
A type of figurative language in which poets describe an animal, object, or idea through human qualities, such as if appearing to have the ability to hear, feel, talk and/or make decisions
Prose
Writing that mimics that casual sound of everyday speech
Refrain
The repetition of lines, phrases, or words in different stanzas of a poem
Repetition
To repeat something. It is the use of any element of language - a sound, word, phrase, sentence - more than one
Rhyme
The repetition of similar sounds. End rhyme is the repetition of similar sounds that come at the ends of the lines of poetry. Internal rhyme occurs within a line when two words have similar sounds
Rhyme scheme
A repeated regular pattern of rhymes usually found at the ends of lines in a poem
Rhythm
The musical quality created by a pattern of beats or a series of stressed and unstressed syllables
Simile
A comparison between two unlike things using the words "like" or "as"
Stanza
A group of lines in a poem set off by blank lines. A stanza of a poem equals to a paragraph of an essay, without the indentation. It usually develops one idea.
Style
The way the poem is written. Free-style, ballad, haiku, etc. This includes length of meters, number of stanzas along with rhyme techniques and rhythm
Symbol
Something that stands for something else. Something that has a deeper meaning and/or value than the materials it is made out of
Theme
The message, point of view and idea of the poem
Tone and voice
The attitude the writer takes toward the audience, the subject, or a character. The speaker or character's perspective that is taken on by a writer or poet. Often it is not identified by name.

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