Chapter 1: Parts of Speech

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Terms in this set (...)

What are the 8 parts of speech?
1. Noun
2. Pronoun
3.Adjective
4. Verb
5. Adverb
6. Preposition
7. Conjunction
8. Interjection
Noun
a word or word group used to name a person, place, thing, or idea.
Pronoun
replaces nouns
Verb
show action, state of being
Adverb
describe or modifies a verb, adjectives, or other adverbs. Answers the questions, how, where, when
Conjunction
connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences
Interjection
exclamation that strong feelings
Common Noun
names any person, place, thing, or idea... not generally capitalized
Proper Noun
names specific person, place, thing or idea...always capitalized
Concrete Noun
can be perceived by the senses
Abstract Noun
an idea feeling, quality, or characteristic
Compound Nouns
Two or more words used together to form a noun; may stand alone but means something else when combined with
Collective noun
is a word that names a group
Antecedent
the word that a pronoun stands for or refers to
Where can the antecedent appear?
It can appear in the same sentence or in a nearby sentence
Personal Pronouns
refers to one speaking, the one spoken to, or the one spoken to
List the Personal Pronouns
First Person- I, me, my, mine, we, us, our, ours
Second Person- you, yours, your
Third Person- he, him, his, her, hers, it, it's, they, them, their, theirs
What do pronouns have
Gender ( masculine, feminine, neuter)
Number( singular, plural)
Case (nominative, genitive, etc...)
Reflexive pronoun
refers to the subject of a sentence and functions as a complement or as an object of a preposition. NEEDED in the sentence
Intensive pronoun
emphasizes its antecedent and has no grammatical function. EXTRA in the sentence (if you can take it out it is intensive)
What do reflexive and intensive usually end in
self, selves
What are 1st person, 2nd person, and 3rd person reflexive and intensive
1st person- myself, ourselves
2nd person- yourself, yourselves
3rd person- himself, herself, itself, themselves
Demonstrative Pronoun
the word demonstrate is used in this type of pronoun, because you POINT OUT a specific person, place, thing, or idea
Interrogative Pronoun
meant to interrogate and appear at the beginning of a question
What are the interrogative pronouns ?
who, whom, which, what, whose
Relative Pronoun
they introduce the subordinate clause
What are the relative pronouns?
that, which, who, whom, and whose
Indefinite Pronouns
refers to one or more persons, places, ideas, or things, that may not be specifically named
Preposition
shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word. they indicate location or time. usually show location in the physical word
What do prepositions have?
objects and they can also be compounds
Prepositional phrase
the preposition, it's object and any modifiers
Adjective
a word used to modify a noun or pronoun
Modify
describes
What are the three ways adjectives modify?
1. what kind?
2. which one?
3. how many?
Demonstratives Adjectives
modify nouns or pronouns;
What are the Demonstrative Adjectives
This, that, these, those
Articles
some of the most frequently used adjectives
What are the 3 articles
a, an, the
How do you use an?
before a Vowel
What is the Definite Article
the; refers to someone or something in particular
What must you always remember?
an adjective usually comes before the noun or pronoun it modifies..... but not all the times