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Chapter 22: Progressive Era (1876-1920) -Grade 8-

Including the: Gilded Age, Political Problems.Progressive Era goals, Muckrakers, Political Reforms, Progressives in the White House, Teddy Roosevelt, The Square Deal, Meat Inspection Act, Pure Food and Drug Act, Federal Trade Commission, Women Suffergits and Rights, The Crusade Againist Alchool, 16th/ 17th/ 18th/ 19th Amendment.
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Gilded Age
1870s - 1890s; time period looked good on the outside, despite the corrupt politics & growing gap between the rich & poor.
Patronage
The practice of awarding government jobs to supporters.
Civil Service
All federal jobs except elected officers in the military.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
An 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States.
Corruption
lack of integrity or honesty (especially susceptibility to bribery).
Spoil System
The practice of giving a pointed positions in government to people loyal to the party and power.
Progressive
Making process to achieve a goal.
Public Interest
Having the town/cities/people's information in a newspaper to have interest in whats going on around us.
Muckrakers
Journalists who exposed the dirt and corruption of the time to the public and helped change the public's opinion.
16th Amendment
Amendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income.
17th Amendment
Passed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.
Teddy Roosevelt
President; progressive politic; big areas of involvement are conservation, Sherman Anti Trust Act, and Pure food drug act.
Square Deal
Theodore Roosevelt's promise of fair and equal treatment for all.
Meat Inspection Act
Law that authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to order meat inspections and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption.
Pure Food and Drug Act
The act that prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure of falsely labeled food and drugs.
Federal Trade Commision
A government agency established in 1914 to prevent unfair business practices and help maintain a competitive economy.
Susan B. Anthony
Social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A member of the women's right's movement in 1840. She was a mother of seven, and she shocked other feminists by advocating suffrage for women at the first Women's Right's Convention in Seneca, New York 1848. Stanton read a "Declaration of Sentiments" which declared "all men and women are created equal."
Temperence Movement
Movement in society to discourage excessive alcohol consumption. Movement in the U.S. succeeded in the passage of the 18th Amendment establishing Prohibition.
18th Amendment
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
19th Amendment
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.