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Greece and Rome
Terms in this set (25)
How did ancient Greece and Rome differ from the earlier civilizations of Asia Minor and Egypt?
the citizens of Greece and Rome had some voice in government
What did Alexander the Great's conquests of Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, and Persia lead to?
spread of Hellenestic culture
Which ancient civilization established the basis of Western democracy?
How can the assertion that democratic ideas are a recent development in history best be refuted?
an examination of the political institutions of ancient Athens
What did the Age of Pericles in Athens, the Gupta Empire in India, and the Tang dynasty in China experience when they had a golden age?
outstanding contributions in the arts and sciences
"Let me say that our system of government does not copy the institutions of our neighbors. It is more the case of our being a model to others than of our imitating anyone else. Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands, not of a minority, but of the whole people."
Which early society is most likely described in this quotation?
What was one effect of the rugged, mountainous geography on the civilization of ancient Greece?
the development of separate, independent city-states
What is a major reason for the decline of the Roman Empire?
political corruption and the instability of the government
What was a characteristic of Athenian democracy?
all adult male citizens were allowed to take part in the Assembly
In a comparison of the ancient cities of Athens and Sparta, what did Sparta place more emphasis on?
Why did the ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems?
the mountainous topography resulted in the isolation of these city-states
Olympic games, the poems of Homer, and Hellenistic culture are associated with which ancient civilization?
What modern-day nations occupy areas that were once part of the Roman Empire?
Spain and England
What development came about due to the ideals developed in Athens of Pericles and in the Roman Republic?
a parliament in Britain
How did geography influence the development of ancient Greece?
excellent harbors encouraged seafaring trade
What is a major effect of the decline of the Roman Empire?
western Europe entered a period of chaos and disorder
What is one way in which the Twelve Tables of Rome, the Code of Hammurabi, and the Justinian Code were similar?
they established written legal systems
Why were the Code of Hammurabi and the Twelve Tables designed?
to create a stable society
What is one way in which the Han dynasty and the Roman Empire were similar?
they both promoted unity and communication by building a strong system of roads
What is one similarity between the decline of the Roman Empire and the fall of the Manchu Dynasty?
both initially led to political chaos and decentralization of government
What ancient civilization had the most influence on the Western concepts of civil and natural law?
What was a major impact of ancient Greece and Rome on Western civilization?
Greek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and copied in the 18th and 19th centuries
What important long-term contributions did the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations make?
government and law
How was the political system of the ancient Roman Empire characterized?
strong central government
What was a major contribution of the Roman Empire to Western society?
the development of an effective legal system
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