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Sixteen Vocabulary Terms from chapter 8


An organism whose cells have a nucleus


the waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems of most plants

Non-vascular Plant

a low-growing plant that lacks true vascular tissue

Vascular Plant

Plant with tube-like structures that move minerals, water, and other substances throughout the plant.

Vascular Tissue

system of tube-like structures inside a plant through which water, minerals, and food move


The leaf of a fern plant


A cell formed by the union of an egg and sperm cell


the vascular tissue through which water and nutrients move in some plants


the vascular tissue through which food is moved down in some plants


the process in which an egg cell and a sperm cell join to form a new organism


the process whereby seeds or spores sprout and begin to grow


the plant structure that contains a young plant inside a protective covering


the young plant that develops from the zygote


Spreading seeds far away from the parent plant.


a seed leaf that stores food


the small openings on the undersides of most leaves through which oxygen and carbon dioxide can move

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