World History 11.5 Revolution & Civil War in Russia

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Terms in this set (...)

Proletariat
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages
Tsar Nicholas II
Last Tsar of Russia and then end of the Romanov line. Was executed along with the rest of his family under the order of Lenin. In WWI ordered a partial mobilization against Austria-Hungary, forcing a chain reaction of mobilization.
Cheka
brutal secret police, formed by Lenin
Gregory Rasputin
peasant and self-proclaimed "holy man", healer, came to have power over czarina. 1916 had immense amount of power over Alexandria. he appointed officials. assassinated on December 29, 1916
Soviet
councils of workers and soldiers
V.I Lenin
led the communist revolution, was the leader of the Bolsheviks, ruled Russia
Commissar
Communist Party officials
What provoked the March Revolution?
WWI strained russian resources. By march, disasters on the battlefield and shortages at home brought the monarchy to collapse.
Why did Germany want Lenin to return to Russia in 1917?
To overthrow the government and seize power.
How were the Bolsheviks able to seize power from the provisional government?
Lenin promised "Peace, land, and Bread" to the Russian people. This made the government vulnerable and easy to be overthrown.
How did the Red Army defeat the White Army to end the Civil War?
The Reds' position in the center of Russia gave them a strategic advantage and they defeated the White armies.
How did the government and economy under Lenin differ from "pure" communism?
The Communist Party, not the people, had all the power. Lenin did allow some capitalist ventures that helped the soviet economy recover.
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