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Government - Chapter 3
Terms in this set (52)
What are the three sections of the Constitution?
What does the preamble do?
Presents the 6 purposes of the U.S. government
How many articles are there?
How many amendments are there?
What idea does the preamble create?
unity and popular sovereignty
What does the Articles of Confederation allow?
power in the states
According to Jefferson, what is the most sacred duty of a government?
to have a "equal and impartial" justice to all citizens
What is the problem with the Articles of Confederation?
did not have power to solve state disputes; didn't protect
What is the Constitution's job?
control those in power
What is social justice?
equal treatment under economics [ex. money]
What is insure domestic tranquility?
peace within the U.S. [home]
Who provides Insure Domestic Tranquility?
police fore/national guard
What is it called when angry farmers started attacking and killing to prevent courts from foreclosing farms in debt?
What does Providing for Common Defense provide?
protection from invasion
In order to provide common defense, what has to happen?
President and Congress BOTH have to agree
What type of welfare do we practice today?
Who/What only has power that is granted to it by its citizens through a constitution?
What does Rule of Law state?
government is NOT more powerful than its citizens/laws
What divides the power in a country between a national government and a state government
What type of government holds all power in the national level?
What type of government holds all power to the states?
What divides the power in the national government between three branches?
Separation of Powers
What are the three branches?
What branch makes the laws?
What branch executes the laws (carry them out)?
What branch adjudicates the laws (make judgements)?
Who appoints power [justices/judges]?
Who can veto legislation?
Who can impeach?
Who can override a veto of the president? [ONLY 2/3 vote]
Who has judicial review?
Who has the power to declare a government action "unconstitutional"?
Judicial Review [Courts]
What are the 4 parts of the Supremacy Clause?
2. National U.S. Law
4. State Laws
What is the House's representation based on?
What are the qualifications of the House?
25 years old / 7 years of citizenship / Resident of state
How many years is one term of a House?
Why is the House a 2 year term?
more directly represented the people
Who elects the House now?
What is the Senate's representation based on?
What are the qualifications of the Senate?
30 years old / 7 years of citizenship / resident of the state
What is the Senate also called?
The Upper House
How many years is one term of a Senate?
6 years terms
Why is the Senate a 6 year term?
not as directly representative of people as a state is
Who votes for the Senate?
Who originally elected the Senate?
state legislature (NOT people of the states)
Who elects the Executive?
What is an electoral college?
people vote for an "elector" who votes for the president
What is the qualifications of an Executive?
35 years old / natural born / resident in U.S. for 14 years
How many years is one term of an Executive?
4 year terms
What is the term limit for the Executive?
2 term limit (22nd Amendment)
What article talks about the Formal Amendment?
Where in the Constitution is the Powers of Congress located?
Article 1, Section 8
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