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flat land made of chemical salts that remain after winds evaporate the moisture in the soil
the practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above ground to conserve water to use for crops
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
Sunni and Shia
political and religious divisions within Islam
Sunni: followers of the Umayyad
Shia: followers of Ali
in the northern Tanzani. dry climate and hard soil prevent the growth of trees but perfect for growing grass.
lake in Egypt formed by dams built on the Nile River at Aswan, a region that makes up the southern edge of the Sahara, where sparse and unpredictable rainfall results in severe droughts
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)
the movement of the bantu peoples southward throghout africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
a gorge in northeastern Tanzania where anthropologists have found some of the earliest human remains
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