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Chapter 12 American History

american history for chapter 12 reconstruction
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Radical Republicans
These were a small group of people in 1865 who supported black suffrage. They were led by Senator Charles Sumner and Congressman Thaddeus Stevens. They supported the abolition of slavery and a demanding reconstruction policy during the war and after.
Thaddeus Stevens
A radical Republican who believed in harsh punishments for the South. Leader of the radical Republicans in Congress.
Wade-Davis Bill
bill passed by congress and vetoed by president lincoln that would have given congress control of reconstruction
Freedman's Bureau
provided: food, clothing, jobs, medical care, schools for former slaves and the poor whites
Reconstruction act of 1867
a.) put the South under military rule b.)Ordered states to hold new elections for deleagates to creat new state constitutions c.) Required all states to allow all qualified male voters to vote in elections d.) Barred those who supported the Confederacy from voting. e.) Required southern states to guarante
black codes
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
14th amendment
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th amendment
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
scalawag
white Southerner supporting Reconstruction policies after the Civil War usually for self-interest
carpetbagger
Northerner who traveled south to make money off of the Reconstruction
Hiram revels
first African American senator
sharecropping
system in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a half of their crops
tenant farming
system of farming where farmers rented their land from the landowner, and were allowed to grow what ever crop the prefered and did not have to give the owners any crops
ku klux klan
founded in the 1860s in the south; meant to control newly freed slaves through threats and violence; other targets: Catholics, Jews, immigrants and others thought to be un-American
panic of 1873
Four year economic depression caused by overspeculation on railroads and western lands, and worsened by Grant's poor fiscal response (refusing to coin silver
redemption
southern democrats starting to recapture state governments
Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river
home rule
the ability to run state governments without federal intervention