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Chapter 24 Geo

STUDY
PLAY
jati
a group that identifies one's occupation and social position in Hindu culture
megalopolis
chain of closely linked metropolitan areas
Islamabad
capital of Pakistan
Mumbai
also known as Bombay; India's largest city and a major port on the Arabian Sea
Kolkata
also known as Calcutta; a thriving port city on a branch of the Ganges river; center of India's steel industry
Delhi
India's third largest city
Dhaka
capital of Bangladesh; world's second-most densely populated urban area (Lagos, Nigeria is the most)
Karachi
booming port city of Pakistan
dharma
moral duty; according to Hindu belief everyone must carry out his or hers
Indus River Valley
location of one of the world's ancient civilizations that developed a strong central government, a writing system, and thriving trade
Mohenjo Daro and Harappa
located in the ancient Indus River Valley, may have been the world's first cities
reincarnation
rebirth after death as another living being, according to Hinduism
karma
in Hinduism, the sum of good and bad actions in one's former lives
nirvana
state of insight, calm, and joy that is reached through enlightenment; ultimate goal of Hindus
Mauryan Empire
controlled most of the Indian Peninsula from 320-180 B.C.
Asoka
last and greatest Mauryan emperor; promoted Buddhism and non-violence
Gupta Empire
great Hindu empire that ruled India from 320-550 A.D.; science, technology, and arts flourished
raj
the Hindu word for empire; what the British called India when they ruled it
guru
teacher
Sikhism
religion that teaches that there is one god and that good deeds and meditation bring release from the cycle of reincarnation
mantra
repetitive prayers chanted by monks
sadhu
holy man in India that travels from temple to temple with a towel and a begging bowl
stupas
Buddhist domed shrines
dzong
fortified monastery of Bhutan
bharata natyam
style of dance based on Hindu mythology
kathakali
ancient style of dance in India
Taj Mahal
beautiful mausoleum at Agra, India built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan as a tomb for his wife
New Delhi
capital of India
Mahabharata and Ramayana
India's two great epic poems
masala
mixture of pungent spices that make up curry
chador
the robe and veil that many Islamic women wear
Jainism
practice strict nonviolence, believing that every living thing has soul
the Vedas
sacred writings brought by the Aryans that served as the basis for the caste system in India.