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AHSGE Reading Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
Affect
To produce a material influence upon; to act upon
Accurately
Without error; correct
Analyze
To break down a problem or situation into separate parts or relationships
Apparent
Manifest to the senses or mind as real or true on the basis of evidence that may or may not be factually valid
Article
A distinct often numbered selection of writing
Author's Purpose
The reason an author wrote a passage or other piece of writing
Author's Viewpoint
How an author views the subject about which he/she is writing
Brochure
Pamphlet or booklet containing descriptive or advertising material
Cause
The reason for an action or situation
Character
A fictional person in a story
Compare
To use examples to show how things are similar
Comprehension
Understanding what an author tells you directly
Context
The phrases and sentences that surround a word
Contrast
To use examples to show how things are different in one or more ways
Chronologically
Arranged in the order of time in which events happened
Effect
The results of a situation or action
Evaluate
To make a value judgment, to give the pluses and minuses along with supporting evidence
Excerpt
A small portion from a passage, book, or other piece of writing
Fact
A statement that can be proved
Faulty Logic
Illogical thinking or false arguments
Figurative Language
Words that mean something other than their literal meaning
Functional
Materials generally read for a precise action, such as directions, maps, schedules, menus, catalogues, instructions, etc.
Inference
A conclusion not directly stated but drawn from a set of facts or opinions
Main Idea
The central message of a passage; what the passage is about
Narrative
A story
Narrator
The character who is telling the story.
Nonfiction
Writing about real people, places, events, and social issues
Opinion
A statement that cannot be proved; a statement that reflects an individual or group's interpretation of something
Point of View
The vantage point from which the story is told. It can be first person narrative, third person limited, or third person omniscient.
Plot
The sequence of events in a story
Preview
An attempting to get a general picture of what the assignment or passage is about
Propaganda
Uses persuasive techniques to encourage people to act based on their emotions alone, instead of using solid reasoning
Recreational
Materials generally read for pleasure, such as magazines, poems, novels, and short stories
Sarcasm
The use of praise to mock someone or something. Example: "He's a real he-man."
Satire
Literary tone used to ridicule or make fun or a human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing, the subject of the satiric attack.
Setting
The time and place in which the action of a story occurs
Stanza
Division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains
Subheading
Heading of a smaller section as in an outline or passage
Summarize
To present the main points of an issue in a shortened form.
Supporting Details
Specific statements that give more information about the central message of a passage
Technique
The manner in which technical details are treated or basic physical movements are used
Testimonial
A statement listing the benefits of someone or something
Textual
Materials generally read for information, such as charts, graphs, encyclopedias, etc.
Tone
The overall feeling, or effect created by a writer's use of words. This feeling may be serious, humorous, satiric, and so on.
Theme
A central idea or a general truth dramatized or implied