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78 terms

Medical Terminology Ch. 3

Definitions
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acute
sharp, sudden, and intense for a short period of time
adenocarcinoma
cancerous tumor from glandular cells
adenoma
a non-cancerous tumor of glandular cells
amniocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion
anastomosis
new surgical connection between two unconnected bowel parts, vessels
angiography
x-ray recording of blood vessels
angioplasty
surgical repair of a blood vessel
arteriosclerosis
hardening of arteries
arthralgia
pain in a joint
arthropathy
disease of joints
atherosclerosis
hardening of arteries
axillary
pertaining to the armpit or underarm
bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchial tubes
bronchoscopy
visual exam of bronchial tubes
carcinoma
cancerous tumor
cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
cardiomyopathy
disease of heart muscle
chemotherapy
treatment with drugs for cancer
cholecystectomy
removal of the gallbladder
chronic
lasting a long time
colitis
inflammation of the colon (large intestine)
colostomy
opening of the colon to the outside of the body
colocolostomy
new surgical connection between two unconnected portions of the colon
craniotomy
incision of the skull
cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder
dialysis
complete blood separation of wastes from blood when the kidneys fail
electroencephalography
process of recording the electricity in the brain
encephalopathy
disease of the brain
erythrocytosis
abnormal condition of increased red blood cells
esophageal
pertaining to the esophagus
esophagitis
inflammation of the esophagus
hematuria
abnormal condition of blood in the urine
hemorrhage
bursting forth of blood
hysterectomy
removal of the entire uterus and cervix
infarction
area of dead tissue caused by decreased blood flow to that part of the body
inguinal
pertaining to the groin
ischemia
dificiency of blood flow to a part of the body
laparoscopy
visual exam of the abdomen
laparotomy
incision of the abdomen
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx (voice box)
laryngoscopy
visual exam of the larynx (voice box)
leukemia
cancerous white blood cells in the blood and bone marrow
leukocytosis
increase of white blood cells due to infection
mammogram
x-ray record of the breast
mammography
process of making x-ray recording of the breast
mammoplasty
surgical repair of the breast
mastectomy
removal of the breast
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges
menorrhagia
excessive bleeding from the uterus during the time of MENSTRUATION
menorrhea
normal discharge of blood & tissue from the uterine lining during menstruation
myalgia
pain in the muscle
myelogram
x-ray image of the spinal cord
myeloma
cancerous tumor in the bone marrow
myocardial
pertaining to the muscle of the heart
myoma
non-cancerous tumor of muscle
myosarcoma
cancerous tumor of muscle
necrosis
death of cells
nephrosis
abnormal condition of the kidney
neuralgia
nerve pain
oophorectomy
removal of ovary/ies
otalgia
pain in an ear
pelvic
pertaining to the bones in the hip region
peritoneal
pertaining to the peritoneum
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
phlebotomy
incision of a vein
pneumonia
abnormal condition of the lungs (inflammation & collection of material in the air sacs)
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
radiotherapy
treatment of cancer disease w/ high-energy x-rays
renal
pertaining to the kidney
rhinoplasty
surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhea
discharge from the nose
salpingectomy
removal of a fallopian tube
septicemia
infection in the blood (blood poisoning)
thoracentesis
surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid
tonsillectomy
removal of a tonsil/s
tracheostomy
opening of the trachea to the outside of the body
uremia
abnormal condition of excessive amounts of urea in the bloodstream
vascular
pertaining to the blood vessels