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Exam 1 study guide for Psychology 281 @ WVU
Terms in this set (60)
What separates abnormal behavior from normal behavior?
Abnormal behavior must cause emotional distress and interfere with daily functioning
A ______ diagnosis must meet criteria, while a _____ diagnosis measures symptoms on a continuum
Psychoanalytic theories focus on...
How early childhood experiences and unconscious urges impact behavior
The behavioral model states that abnormal behavior is....
Learned through the environment
Every time a dog sees a person, he gets really happy and jumps all over them. Every time the doorbell rings, a person walks in the door. The dog eventually gets really happy and jumpy from just hearing the doorbell. The doorbell in this situation would be...
In operant conditioning, taking a toy away from a child in order to decrease the child's behavior is:
What do cognitive models of psychology explain and treat abnormal behavior?
Social learning theory/Vicarious conditiong
A form of behavioral assessment?
What is "free floating anxiety" ?
"I am really going to fail this exam," showing something being far worse then it really is, is an example of what negative thinking pattern?
Modeling somebody else's behavior
Fear of public area (avoid leaving house)
Sensitivity measures what factor in screenings for depression?
- Predict depression
- Actually depressed
Learning a fear by watching somebody else's reaction exemplifies...
MMPI test measures what?
Whether or not a person has depression
In an MMPI-2 test, what is sensitivity?
Positive/HIGH predictive depression
In an MMPI-2 test, what is specificity?
What is the diathesis-stress model?
consider genetic and environmental factors = leads to psychological disorder
The central nervous systems (CNS) controls...
Brain and spinal cord
What neurotransmitter has been associated with depression and is targeted by SSRIs?
Your body uses the parasympathetic system to calm down after a stressor
What part of the brain controls impulse control?
This type of study is like a "snap shot" in time that looks at one group of individuals at one point in time.
What is one problem that is often encountered in family studies of the development of psychological disorders?
Genetics and environment are confounded so the influence of each cannot be determined
This type of study can determine causality.
Intelligence tests have a mean of ___ and a standard deviation of ___.
Comorbidity refers to...
The presence of more than one disorder at the same time in the same person
All of these are elements of anxiety except...
Fight vs flight response is controlled by which system?
Sympathetic nervous system
If you have a panic attack then you have panic disorder
A person with a panic disorder and agoraphobia would...
Avoid situations where they cannot escape
Generalized Anxiety Disorder must last at least ____ with uncontrollable worry about a number of events more days than not
Which is not a type of specific phobia in the DSM-V?
Obsessions vs Compulsions
Obsessions are thoughts, compulsions are behaviors
I excessively worry about future events, past transgression, and finances. I might have...
Generalized anxiety disorder
Stan's parents are often violent with each other when they argue in front of Stan. When at the playground, Stan is beginning to resolve conflicts with aggressive and violent behavior. Stan most likely learned this behavior by which type of learning?
A patient with an injury to the frontal lobe may experience difficulties with:
organizing and planning the work he has to do
People with agoraphobia are most likely to avoid which of the following?
A common tool for the treatment of specific phobia, such as a fear of flying, is
Sensitivity measures what factor in screening for problems such as depression?
the ability of the screener to predict depression if the person is actually depressed
Gradual exposure to something after the exposure treatment (repeating exposures)
: process whereby a circular instrument was used to cut away sections of the skull, possibly as an attempt to release demons from brain
Irrational, illogical, impulsive dimension of personality
Moralistic, judgmental, perfectionist of personality
Reinforcement and punishment
medicine that deals with the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases
part of limbic system: Emotions like fear, agression
top of the spinal column
balance, movement, reflexes
wrinkled outer portion of brain; thinking, planning, judgment; processes sensory information and directs movement
Top of the brain; emotional regulation, complex thought, memory aspect of personality
learning and forming new long-term memories
the middle division of brain responsible for hearing and sight; pain is registered
Students score on the SAT compared to other student's scores is an example of what comparison?
Sensitivity vs. Specificity graph checks for what?
Depressed mood means a low _______?
One one to define Behavioral Inhibition?
This set is often in folders with...
WVU Psychology 281 - Exam 2
Psych 281 Exam 3 WVU
Exam 1 study guide for Psychology 281 @ WVU
psychology 281 test 1 chapter 1
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