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24 terms

Orchestra

Music vocab- Dynamic Marks and Music Symbols
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Pianississimo
(ppp) very, very soft
Pianissimo
(pp) Very soft
Piano
(p) Soft
Mezzo piano
(mp) moderately soft
Mezzo forte
(mf) moderately loud
Forte
(f) loud
Fortissimo
(ff) very loud
Fortississimo
(fff) very, very loud
Crescendo
(cresc) gradually louder
Decrescendo
(descresc) gradually softer
Diminuendo
(dim) gradually softer
bb
double flat
x
double sharp
Marcato
(^) accented, stressed
accent
(>) Play the note a little louder
Staccato
(.) play the note shortly
Staccatissimo
(Triangle symbol) Play the note as short as possible
Tenuto
(-) hold the note for its full value
Mezzo Staccato
(-. dot under line) play the note short, but not as short as staccato
Breath Mark
,
Caesura (pause)
//
Monophonic
A single melodic line wo/o any accompaniment (solo)
Homophonic
One melodic part supported by a chordal accompaniment
Polyphonic
2 or more melodic lines played simultaneousy