Basic Constitutional Principles

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Terms in this set (...)

Principles
a basic truth, law, or ideal of behavior
Articles
a numbered section of a document such as the Constitution
Preamble
the beginning of the U.S. Constitution that outlines the goals of the government
Popular sovereignty
A basic principle of American government in which the people hold all of the political power
Limited government
Government that has certain restrictions and gives certain rights to individuals; when government has only those powers given to it by the people.
Rule of law
The principle that government must act according to the law.
Separation of powers
the division of government into three branches—the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
Checks and balances
a system in which each branch of government checks the others to prevent one branch from becoming too powerful
Veto
to reject a proposed law
Unconstitutional
against the Constitution
Judicial review
the power of the courts to decide whether or not a government action is constitutional
Federalism
a government system in which power is divided between the national and the state governments
The first 3 articles of the U.S Constitution explains
The Federal Government Structure
How does the separation of powers keep the government from becoming too powerful?
by preventing the concentration of legislative, executive, and judicial powers in the hands of one group
Under the separation of power concept, only Congress can
make laws
How can the legislative branch check the power of the executive branch?
the legislative branch has the power to approve presidential appointments.
The ___ have the power to decided whether or not an action of the government violates the constitution.
courts
Which principles is the basis for forming a government with Judicial, legislative, and executive branch?
separation of power
Which statement describes the principles of checks and balances?
each branch of government has the power to limit the other branch
How did the courts get the power of judicial review?
through the Maybury vs. Madison decision
The term Popular sovereignty means that?
the government gets its power from the people
Which statement explains the principles of federalism?
the power of governments are divided between the federal government and the states.
Congress can override the presidents veto with
a two-thirds majority
Which is outlined in the first three articles of the U.S constitution?
the federal government structure
Which principle expresses the idea that government is bound by rule of law?
limited government
The principle that government must follow the same rules as the people is known as
Rule of law
Federalism was the farmers compromise between independent states with little connecting them and a
powerful central government
after the preamble, the rest of the constitution is divided into seven sections called
Articles
Which is outlined in Article V of the Constitution?
the amendment process
Which principle is the basis for forming the judicial, legislative, executive branches?
Separation of Powers
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