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Growth, Repair, Reproduction

three functions of cell division


Contains the DNA of the cell


Contains the rest of the cell


An organelle in the cytoplasm that makes proteins by reading RNA and joining amino acids.


The building block of DNA. It is made of a sugar, a phosphate and a base.

A, T, C, G

The letters of the four bases of DNA


A section of DNA that codes for a protein


Carries the code from the DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome in the cytoplasm

Cell Cycle

The sequence of events in the cell from one division to the next.


The phase of working and growing. The cell makes copies of its organelles and its chromosomes (DNA).


The process that divides nuclear material in cells (DNA).


The process that divides the cytoplasm and the rest of the organelles in half. The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter cells immediately after mitosis.


The first and longest phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes become visible and the centrioles separate and take up positions on the opposite sides of the nucleus


second phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell


the third phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs separate and move toward opposite poles


the final stage of mitosis, in which the chromosomes reach the opposite poles of the dividing cell and the nuclei of the daughter cells form around the two sets of chromosomes


tiny fibers that are seen in cell division

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