27 terms

Short Story Review 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

First Person Point of View
a character in the story who speaks directly to us and uses the pronoun "I".
Third Person Limited
the narrator is not a character in the story, and focuses on just one character's thoughts and feelings.
Third Person Omniscient
the narrator is not a character in the story, and is able to tell us everything about every character.
Diction
Word Choice
Tone
the attitude the speaker or writer takes toward a subject, character, or the audience.
Theme
the central idea or insight about life that a story reveals
Verbal Irony
when a character says one thing but means another
Situational Irony
an event that is the opposite of what is expected
Dramatic Irony
when the audience knows something that the characters do not
Ambiguity
unclear; open to several meanings; more than one possible outcome
Symbol
an ordinary object, event, person, or animal to which we attach additional meaning
Allegory
a story with 2 or more levels of meaning: a literal level, and one or more symbolic levels
Character Foil
a character who provides contrast to another character
Exposition
introduces the setting, characters,; gives the reader context and basic background information
Rising Action
Incidents and dialogue that propel the storyline forward; introduction of conflict
Climax
The turning point of the story; the point of highest tension
Falling Action
Incidents and dialogue that follow the climax
Resolution/Denoument
story's final outcome; ties up loose ends
Direct Characterization
the author directly states a character's traits
Indirect Characterization
what we learn about a character through his/her behavior and actions
Internal Conflict
A character experiences conflict within him or herself.
External Conflict
A character experiences conflict with an outside force
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Society
Setting
The time and place of the action
Mood
the feeling created in a work or passage
Imagery
Descriptive or figurative language used in literature to create pictures for the reader
Flashback
the author presents information that occurred earlier than the present tense of the narrative
Foreshadowing
When clues suggest events that are yet to occur