A.P.U.S.H. Chapters 23-24 Reading Guide
In the late 1800's, what did "waving the bloody shirt" remind voters of?
The treason of the confederate Democrats, Civil War
What did the Credit Mobilier scandal involve?
Railroad construction blockade
What did the owners of the Credit Mobilier do to avoid prosecution for their corrupt dealings?
the company distributed shares of its valuable store to key congressman
what is the primary motivation for the Liberal Republicans to revolt from the regular Republican party in 1872?
republicans disgusted w/ Grant administration corruption
Why was President Ulysses S. Grant reelected in
because his opponents chose a poor candidate for the presidency
What were the major causes of the Panic of 1872?
construction of more factories thsn existing markets would bear
What solution did debtors advocate to solve the depression that followed the Panic of 1873?
What causes a political turn to the democrats and new greenback labor party in the mid- 1870s?
republican hard money policy
What was the major problem in 1876 presidential results?
the two sets of election returns submitted by Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana
What does the compromise of 1877 result in?
the withdrawal of federal troops from the south
Know the sequence of the "forgettable presidents"
Grant Hayes Garfield Arthur Cleveland Harrison
What did the supreme court rule in the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson?
seperate but equal facilities were constitutional
Know atleast4 ways southern whites disenfranchised African Americans
what was the end result for many blacks who violated the jim crow laws or other elements of the Souths racial codes?
define jim crow laws
legal codes that established the system of segregation
what sparked the national railroad strike of 1877?
the 4 largest railroads cut salaries by 10%
what is the end result of many labor unrests in the 1870's and 1880's
use of federal troops during strikes
what does congress do in the wake of anti-chinese violence in california?
passed a law prohibiting the immigration of chinese laborers to america
what does the pendleton act require people applying for many federal government jobs to do?
to take competitive examination
what group of people supports Grover Cleveland's strong belief in a laissez-faire approach to government?
where does grover cleveland stand on the tariff issue?
advocated a lower rate
besides advocating a lower tariff, how does grover cleveland stir political opposition?
strong support for the railroads and other businesses in their efforts to crush labor organizing/ support civil service reform
what does grover cleveland propose doing with federal budget surplus?
toss an appeal for lower tariffs. downward revision of the tariff schedule
why was benjamin harrison's victory over grover cleveland in 1888 unusual?
harrison lost the popular vote but won the elctoral college
how does the billion-dollar congress quickly dispose of rising government surpluses?
by expanding pensions for civil war veterans.
who was upset with congressman william mckinleys tariff bill that that would lead to sky high tariff rates?
farmers in midwest and south
name atleast four platform planks of the populist party of 1892
everything except government garuntees of "parity prices" for farmers
what led to populists adding industrial workers to their base of support in 1892?
epidemic of nationwide strikes in the summer of 1892
what ends the early campaign by populists to create a coalition of white and black farmers?
a racist backlash that eliminated black voting in south/ failure of 3rd party revolt in south
federal land grants and loans were used primarily to build these during the guilded age
what is the only transcontinental railroad built without government aid
what is the greatest economic consequence of the transcontinental railroad network?
movement of people to cities
what is the greatest single factor helping to spur the amazing industrialization of the post- civil war years?
the railroad network
name atleast 4 technological improvements that made the modern transcontinental railroad network possible
gage of track
westinghouse air brake
what two industries did the transcontinental railroad most significantly expand?
mining and agriculture
agreements between railroad corporations to divide the business in a given area and share the profits were called what?
why do early railroad owners form pools?
to avoid competition by dividing business in a particular area
in the case of wabash st louis and pacific rairoad company v. illinois, the us supreme court held that state legislatures could not regulate railroads for what reason?
railroads were interstate businesses and could not be regulated by any single state
where do the first efforts to regulate railroads come from?
this is the first federal regulatory agency designed to protect public interest from business combinations
interstate commerce commission
name 3 european countries that provided the largest amounts of foreign capital investment in American industry
4 critical raw materials delivered by railroads to factories that fueled early american industry