75 terms

Sociology Exam

Semester Exam
Japanese Americans
minority group confined to relocation camps during world war II
Institutionalized Discrimination
illustrated by unequal access to the resources of society that pushes some minority groups into less powerful positions
Nazi Germany
nation that practiced extermination
Native Americans
american minority group that was granted United States citizenship in 1924
a category of people who share inherited physical characteristics and whom others see as being a distinct group
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
prediction that results in behavior that makes the prediction come true
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed legal discrimination in the United States
South Africa
nation that practiced subjugation
Hispanic Americans
largest minority group in the United States
Fair-Weather Liberals
person who is not prejudiced but discriminates anyway because of societal pressure
Timid Bigot
according to Merton, a person who is prejudiced but is afraid to discriminate because of societal pressure is a
low levels of prejudice
in a society in which groups interact closely on a basis of equality, there tend to be
the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Legal discrimination in the United States was outlawed with the passage of
Hispanic Americans
Which of the following is the largest minority group in the United States?
population transfer
The confinement of Japanese Americans to relocation camps during WWII is an example of
All of the following are racial categories except
All of the following are sources of prejudice and discrimination except
legal discrimination
discrimination that is upheld by law is
Switzerland is to cultural pluralism as Nazi Germany is to
The have been called a model minority
Which of the following statements best describes Asian Americans?
White ethnics is a collective term for immigrants from Ireland, Italy, France, Poland, and Greece
The Jim Crow laws were legislation designed to put an end to legal discrimination
A minority group is a group of people who, because of their physical characteristics or cultural practices, are singled out for unequal treatment
The apartheid system in South Africa was an example of legal discrimination
Ethnic cleansing is a practice that combines population transfer and extermination
Political science
social science that studies such things as government and voting patterns
Herbert Spencer
sociologist who was influenced by Charles Darwin
Social Psychology
social science that focuses on individual personality
negative consequence an element has for the stability of society
symbolic interaction
interaction between people that takes place through the use of symbols
conflict perspective
theoretical perspective that follows the tradition of Karl Marx
social science that examines the choices people make to satisfy their wants and needs
Auguste Comte
founder of sociology
positive consequence an element has for the stability of society
sociological imagination
ability to see the connection between the larger social world and our personal lives
Max Weber
social darwinism is to Herbert Spencer as ideal type it to
the social science that studies the behavior and thinking of organisms is
The empathetic meanings others attach to their actions is called
the interactionist perspective
The theoretical perspective that emphasizes the use of symbols is
manifest function
The intended and recognized consequence of some element of society is a
sociological imagination
Sociologist C. Wright Mills developed the concept of
The Industrial Revolution
the development of sociology as a field of study was encouraged by
systematic explanation of the relationship among phenomena
A theory is a
functionalist sociologists
studying the societal consequences of the development of computers would most likely be of interest to
believed that the economy influences social culture
Sociologist Karl Marx
written rule of conduct enacted and enforced by the government
Napoleon Chagnon
anthropologist who studied the Yanomamö
cultural universals
features common to all societies
group that rejects the values, norms, and practices of the larger society
nonmaterial culture
examples include beliefs, ideas, and rules
anything that stands for something else and has a shared meaning attached to it
all the shared products of human groups
George Murdock
anthropologist who compiled a list of more than 60 cultural universals
material culture
examples include clothing, buildings, and automobiles
norms that have great moral significance attached to them
culture pattern
the combination of a number of culture complexes into an interrelated whole is a
A group of mutually interdependent people who have organized in such a way as to share a common culture and feeling of unity is a
the organization of written or spoken symbols into a standardized system is called
prohibitions against killing people and stealing other people's property are examples of
shared beliefs about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable are called
culture complex
a cluster of interrelated culture traits is a
cultures should be judged by their own standards
culture relativism is the belief that
the common customs of everyday life
folkways are
which of the following groups is the best example of a counterculture
the Arapesh
warfare is to the Yanomamö as cooperation is to the
ethnocentrism is the sharing of rules of conduct that tell us how to act in specific situations
edward sutherland was the anthropologist who studied the San
Margaret Mead determined that temperament is mainly the result of culture rather than biology
Native Americans, Irish Americans, and soldiers living on a military base are all examples of a subculture
Anthropologist Marvin Harris studied the hunter-gatherers we know as cannibals
Anthropology is most interested in examining modern industrial societies
Sociologists tend to focus on individual rather than group behavior
Emile Durkheim systematically applied the methods of science to the study of society
according to Karl Marx, society is divided into two classes- the bourgeoisie and the capitalists- leading to class conflict
a latent function is the unintended and unrecognized consequence of an element of society