World History Chapter 2 Test
Terms in this set (33)
Yellowish silt which is blown by winds from deserts to the west and north.
North China Plain
Considered China's heartland and center of its civilization.
Ruled China for 500 years and was the first dynasty to leave written records.
The supreme god during the Shang Dynasty
One of the animal bones or tortise shells used by ancient Chinese priest to communicate with the gods.
Overthrew the Shang Dynasty. Ruled China from 1027 B.C.E., to 256 B.C.E.
Mandate of Heaven
In Chinese history, the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority.
The rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties.
Government system in which nobles, or lords, are granted the use of land that legally belongs to the king. In return, nobles owe loyalty and military service to the king.
A large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent. Often refers to the landmass that includes India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan- Indian Subcontinent.
Seasonal winds that dominate India's climate. Winter/spring Monsoons blow dry air from the Himalayas. Summer/fall monsoons carry moisture
Indus Valley civilization is sometimes called this because of the many archaeological discoveries made at this site.
A former city in the Indus Valley known for its advanced plumbing system.
Churning rapids found along the Nile River.
Narmer or Menes
King who united Upper and Lower Egypt.
A king of ancient Egypt, considered as a god as well as a military and political leader.
Government in which the ruler is seen as a divine figure- Pharaoh. Today, it is a government controlled by a religious leader.
A massive structure with a rectangular base and four triangular sides, like those built in Egypt as burial places or tombs for Old Kingdom pharaohs.
A process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying in the afterlife.
Meaning sacred carving, this was the writing system used by the Egyptians.
A tall reed that grows in the Nile delta, used by the Egyptians to make a paper like material for writing.
Area between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea that differs from its surrounding territory because of the richness of the land.
Meaning land between the rivers in Greek. The rivers being the Tigris and the Euphrates.
A political unit that functions like an independent country, although it shares a culture with other areas.
A series of rulers from the same family
Process in which ideas, belief, and products are spread from one culture to another.
A belief in many gods.
Epic of Gilgamesh
A long poem considered one of the first works of literature. This work of literature talks about the adventures of the Mesopotamian king Gilgamesh.
Written language of the Sumerains.
Cite of the first civilization.
The bringing together of several groups of people, nations, and formally independent countries under the control of one ruler.
Sargon or Sargon of Akkad
Akkadian Created the world's first empire by combing northern and southern Mesopotamia.
Amoriate or Babylonian ruler who created uniform code of laws to help unify his people.
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