Gram Negative/Gram Positive
A diverse group of bacteria with a cell wall that is structurally less complex and contains more peptidoglycan than that of gram-negative bacteria. Gram-positive are less toxic than gram-negative bacteria (pg. 326).
Called Algae or phytoplankton, can't swim against current, all are aquatic, "seaweed" and classified by pigments (Red, brown, and green) (Notes 12.19.11).
Called protozoa, single cellular, classified by means of locomotion (Notes 12.15.11).
A structural polysaccharide used by insects and crustaceans and fungi to build exoskeletons (pg. 39).
A kingdom under the domain Eukarya, that includes the phylums bryophyte, pterophyta, gymnosperms, and angiosperms (Notes 12.19.11).
Anchors the plant to the soil, absorbs and transports minerals and water, and it stores food (pg. 624).
A plant that resemble other plants in having apical meristems and embryos that are retained on the parent plant, but they lack true roots and leaves (pg. 344).
The phylum that is made up of ferns, need to live in water, vascular tissue (Notes 12.19.11).
A phylum in which the seed replaces the spore, sperm cells are now pollen grains, and the cones are major reproductive structures (Notes 12.19.11).
A plant with xylem and phloem, including club mosses, ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms (pg. 344).
A vascular tissue that includes dead cells that form microscopic pipes conveying water and minerals up from the roots (pg. 342).
A vascular tissue that consists entirely of living cells, distributes sugar throughout the plant (pg. 342).
Type of angiosperm with 2 cotyledons, netlike leaf veins, ringed vascular bundles, usually have taproot, floral parts in multiples of 4 or 5 (Notes 12.19.11).
An angiosperm with one cotyledon, parallel leaf veins, complex arrangement of vascular bundles, fibrous roots, and floral parts in multiples of three (Notes 12.19.11).
A kingdom under the domain Eukarya. There are endless animals that are part of this kingdom. Five examples are the: Porifera, Cnidaria, Annelida, Mollusca, and Arthropoda (Notes 12.19.11).
Symmetry in which multiple planes are passed through the central axis and it results in many equal parts (Notes 1.5.12).
Symmetry in which one plane can be passed through a central axis and it results in left and right halves (Notes 1.5.12).
The concentration of sense organs at the anterior end, bilaterally symmetric animals go through this (Notes 1.5.12).
The phylum that includes jellyfish, hydras, corals, and anemones, radial symmetry, and they are classified by body form (Notes 1.6.12).
A single, large central cavity that is a site of digestion and it circulates fluid for the internal cells (Notes 1.6.12).
A cnidarian body form that has a cylindrical body with tentacles projecting from one end (pg. 371).
A type of cnidarian body form that moves freely throughout the water, are shaped like an umbrella with a fringe of tentacles around the lower edge (pg. 371).
The cells that are the defining feature of all cnidarians, has a hair trigger that releases a spring loaded harpoon, the harpoon penetrates layers of the prey and releases venom (Notes 1.6.12)
A fold of tissue that drapes over the visceral mass and secretes a shell in mollusks such as clams and snails (pg. 374).
The largest group of mollusks and they are found in fresh and salt water as well as terrestrial environments (pg. 374).
The phylum that means jointed leg, includes insects, arachnids, and crustaceans, determined by amount of legs and the way the organism breathes (Notes 1.6.12).
An external skeleton that protects the animal and provides points of attachment for the muscles that move the appendages (pg. 378).
Arthropods that have 10 legs, they are all marine, and they get oxygen through their gills (Notes 1.6.12).
Arthropods who have six legs, some have wings (only invertebrates to fly), gets oxygen through tracheal tubes (Notes 1.6.12).
The phylum that has bilateral symmetry and grows into radial as an adult, external digsters, omnivores, or herbivores. Starfish, Sea Anemone (Notes 1.6.12).
A member of the phylum chordate, animals that at some point during their development have a dorsal hollow nerve cord, a notochord, pharyngeal slits, and a post-anal tail (pg. 383).
A class in the phylum chordata that includes ray-finned and lobe-finned fish and sharks (pg. 393).
Lateral Line System
A row of sensory organs running along each side that are sensitive to changes in water pressure and can detect minor vibrations caused by animals swimming nearby (pg. 392).
A gas filled sac, that is a lung derivative that helps keep ray-finned fish buoyant (Notes 1.10.12).
Fish in which the skeleton is made of bone and the fins are supported by thin, flexible skeletal rays (pg. 393).
Fish with a series of rod-shaped bones in their muscular pectoral and pelvic fins (pg. 393).
The class under chordate that has a larval stage and then goes through metamorphosis into adult, must remain in moist areas, must remain in water to reproduce (Notes 1.10.12).
A shelled egg in which an embryo develops within a fluid-filled amniotic sac and is nourished by yolk (pg. 397).
The class under chordate that includes snakes, lizards, turtles, and crocodiles, have cloaca, ectothermic, keratinized scales, and they lay amniotic eggs on land. (Notes 1.10.12).
The class that includes humans, they are endothermic, they have hair, and the have mammary glands to produce milk (Notes 1.10.12).
Youth is nourished through placenta within mother, live born, fully developed (Notes 1.10.12).
A mammal that have a brief gestation and give birth to tiny, embryonic offspring that complete development while attached to the mother's nipples (pg. 399).
Animals that absorb the external heat rather than generating their own (Cold-blooded) (pg. 397).