Terms in this set (32)
Main character of a piece of literature, he or she is central to the
storyline although he/she does not have to be the "hero" or "good guy"
A person and/or force that causes conﬂicts for the protagonist
Made up of equal parts time and place, may be directly stated or revealed through setting clues
A modern form of old-fashioned "tall tales', these stories are often exaggerated and appear to be true when they are not
Clues the author reveals throughout a story hinting at the story's
The author stops the forward motion of the story to reveal an event
from the past
A localized version of a speciﬁc language based on the geographic area in
which the speaker lives
Informal, conversational language that may include misspelled or
The "teller" of the story, not the author. Sometimes the narrator is a
character in the story, sometimes he/she is not
1st Person Narrator
A character in the story, refers to himself/herself as "I" or "me"
3rd Person Narrator
Not a character in the story, simply reports on events without being a character within the story
Only knows what the reading audience knows, cannot report on other characters' thoughts or feelings. A restricted narrator can be a 1st or 3rd
Can tell readers what every character is thinking and feeling. This must always be a 3rd person narrator.
When the outcome of a story is different from what the reader anticipated or expected
When something occurs in a story that is a very different from what the characters and audience expect
When the reader (or audience) is aware of something that the characters do not know
The sequence of events that make up a story-usually made up of four to ﬁve steps
The ﬁrst step in the plot, it is the beginning of the story where the reader meets characters and learns about the setting. The reader may also be
introduced to the conﬂict at this point
Part of the rising action (second step) of the story, this is the primary
problem facing the protagonist.
Types of conﬂict: man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. self, man vs. society, man vs. machine, man vs. supernatura
Minor problems or obstacles that prevent the protagonist from solving the main conﬂict of the story.
Third step in plot, this is the highest level of suspense, emotion, or action in a story. Place where the conﬂict is resolved or not
Final step in the plot, it is the story's end where all conﬂicts/questions may (or may not) be resolved.
The ways in which an author reveals to the reader the personalities and habits of his/her character
Characters whose personalities/actions remain the same throughout the entire story
Characters who undergo a change in the story
Characters who only display or reveal one main personality trait
Characters who display multi-dimensional personality traits, seem very realistic, and are usually displayed in novels and longer works.
Four methods of Characterization
1. what the character does (actions)
2. what the character says (dialogue) 3. what the character thinks (thoughts)
4. what other characters reveal about the character
Added to the plot by the author to increase suspense and interest in a story
The overall message an author is trying to communicate through his/her characters' thoughts and actions
Person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and also stands for something beyond itself.
a fictional story that can be read, start to finish, in one sitting.