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the Great Rift Valley supplies East Africa with

geothermal energy

Mt. Kilimanjaro is located near the______ but it's peak is covered with ice because of it's ....

equator and high elevation

Ethiopian Highlands supply the region with

fertile land for grazing and farming

Lake Victoria

Africa's largest lake

since Lake Victoria is near the eastern rift valley... and si

to hot to swim in and contains alot of salt

the Nile river forms where the ....

Blue and White Nile meet

countries near the equator get much


farther from the equator means

dry and drought


gold, diamonds, rich volcanic soil for farming, geothermal energy

economy is based on

tourism,safari, geothermal energy, and trading

________ played a role in the slave trade

east africans, arabs and europeans

international slave-trade center



a time when Europeans dominated areas rich with resources and expand their empires.

1880's Europeans divided up most of Africa

led to ethnic conflict

most African countries began to fight for and gain their independence from European rulers.


main languages

English, french,and Arabic

a mix of Arabic and African languages



Islam Christianity Animism

modern cities, trade ports, areas of industry, railroads, parks; peaceful countries

Tanzania Kenya

Tutsi and Hutu have been in

conflict for decades

large populations has led

economic problems health issues and conflict

is Africa's largest country


Ethiopia & Eritrea = Protected by mountains

and landlocked

occurred in Darfur when Black Sudanese were killed by an Arab militia


was never under the rule of a European country


Ethiopia has known serious

droughts and starvation

Somalia experienced severe drought and widespread starvation in the


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