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PE Final

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physical fitness
the ability of your body systems to work together efficiently to allow you to be healthy
health
the state of optimal physical, mental, and social well-being
wellness
a state of being that enables a person to reach his or her highest potential; includes intellectual, social, emotional, physical, and spiritual health
exercise
physical activity done especially for the purpose of becoming physically fit
physical activity
movement using the larger muscles of the body; includes sports, dance, and activities of daily life, may be done to accomplish a task, for enjoyment, or to improve physical fitness
physical fitness
the ability of the body systems to work together efficiently
heat index
a combination of temperature and humidity; a high heat index puts a person at risk of a heat-related injury
humidity
the amount of water vapor present in the air
hyperthermia
refers to an exceptionally high body temperature; may result from exercise in the heat
par-q
a questionnaire that helps you determine if you are physically and medically ready to participate in physical activity
wind chill factor
a combination of wind and temperature; a high wind-chill factor puts a person at high risk of hypothermia and frost bite
biomechanical principles
rules related to the study of forces that can help a person move the body efficiently and avoid injury
ligament
a band of strong tissue that connects bones
tendon
a band of strong tissue that connects a muscle to a bone
microtrauma
an injury so small that it is often difficult to see or recognize, especially when it first occurs
overuse injury
a body injury that occurs when a repeated movement causes wear and tear on the body
side stitch
a pain in the side of the lower abdomen that occurs as a result of vigorous activity
activity neurosis
a condition that occurs when a person is overly concerned about getting enough exercise
atherosclerosis
a disease in which certain substances, including fats, builds up on the inside walls of the arteries
blood pressure
the force of blood against the artery walls
diabetes
a disease in which a person's body cannot regulate its sugar (glucose) level
diastolic blood pressure
it is the lower of the two blood pressure numbers
systolic blood pressure
it is the higher of the two blood pressure numbers
eating disorder
health problems that manifest themselves through starvation, eating binges followed by purging, or overeating
heart attack
a sudden failure of the heart to function properly; occurs when the blood supply to the heart is decreased or blocked
hyperkinetic condition
health problems caused by doing too much physical activity
osteoporosis
a disease in which the bones deteriorate and become weak
Risk factor-anything that increases a person's chance of a health problem occurring
stroke
an injury to the brain that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is severely reduced or shut off, often the result of a blood clot or other obstruction
kyphosis
a posture problem characterized by rounded shoulders
lordisis
a back condition characterized by too much arch in the lower back; sometimes called swayback
ptosis
a posture problem characterized by a protruding abdomen
principles of overload
a rule that states that in order to improve fitness, one needs to do more physical activity than one normally does
principles of progression
a rule that states that the amount and intensity of physical activity needs to be increased gradually
principal of specificity
a rule that states that specific types of exercise improve specific parts of fitness or specific muscles
target ceiling
a person's upper limit of physical activity
target fitness zone
the correct range of physical activity to build fitness
threshold of training
the minimum amount of overload one needs to build physical fitness
criterion-referenced health standards
fitness test ratings that are based on the amount of fitness necessary for good health rather than a comparison to other people
maturation
the process of becoming fully grown and developed physically
determinants
factors that influence whether you will practice a healthy lifestyle such as physical activity; examples include the weather, your time schedule, and availability of facilities
self-management skills
skills sued by a person to take control of his or her lifestyle or behavior to stay physically active
skill
the capability for doing a specific task well; improves with practice
sport skill
a specific skill necessary to succeed in sports
goal-setting
a plan to determine ahead of time what you expect to accomplish and how you can accomplish it
long-term goal
goals that you can expect to accomplish in several months or over the course of a year
short-term goal
goals that you can expect to accomplish in several days or weeks
fitness profile
a summary of the results of self-assessments of several different parts of fitness
couch potato
a person who is sedentary or does no physical activity
sedentary
being inactive or participating in very little physical activity
hypokinetic conditions
health problems or illnesses that are causes partly be the lack of regular physical activity
power
the ability to use strength quickly
BMI
a method of assessing body composition
symptoms of heat exhaustion
paleness; cold, clammy skin; profuse sweating; weakness and tiredness; nausea; dizziness; muscle cramps; vomiting; fainting
symptoms of heat stroke
high body temperature; hot, dry, flushed skin; rapid pulse; lack of sweating; dizziness; unconsciousness