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physical fitness

the ability of your body systems to work together efficiently to allow you to be healthy


the state of optimal physical, mental, and social well-being


a state of being that enables a person to reach his or her highest potential; includes intellectual, social, emotional, physical, and spiritual health


physical activity done especially for the purpose of becoming physically fit

physical activity

movement using the larger muscles of the body; includes sports, dance, and activities of daily life, may be done to accomplish a task, for enjoyment, or to improve physical fitness

physical fitness

the ability of the body systems to work together efficiently

heat index

a combination of temperature and humidity; a high heat index puts a person at risk of a heat-related injury


the amount of water vapor present in the air


refers to an exceptionally high body temperature; may result from exercise in the heat


a questionnaire that helps you determine if you are physically and medically ready to participate in physical activity

wind chill factor

a combination of wind and temperature; a high wind-chill factor puts a person at high risk of hypothermia and frost bite

biomechanical principles

rules related to the study of forces that can help a person move the body efficiently and avoid injury


a band of strong tissue that connects bones


a band of strong tissue that connects a muscle to a bone


an injury so small that it is often difficult to see or recognize, especially when it first occurs

overuse injury

a body injury that occurs when a repeated movement causes wear and tear on the body

side stitch

a pain in the side of the lower abdomen that occurs as a result of vigorous activity

activity neurosis

a condition that occurs when a person is overly concerned about getting enough exercise


a disease in which certain substances, including fats, builds up on the inside walls of the arteries

blood pressure

the force of blood against the artery walls


a disease in which a person's body cannot regulate its sugar (glucose) level

diastolic blood pressure

it is the lower of the two blood pressure numbers

systolic blood pressure

it is the higher of the two blood pressure numbers

eating disorder

health problems that manifest themselves through starvation, eating binges followed by purging, or overeating

heart attack

a sudden failure of the heart to function properly; occurs when the blood supply to the heart is decreased or blocked

hyperkinetic condition

health problems caused by doing too much physical activity


a disease in which the bones deteriorate and become weak
Risk factor-anything that increases a person's chance of a health problem occurring


an injury to the brain that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is severely reduced or shut off, often the result of a blood clot or other obstruction


a posture problem characterized by rounded shoulders


a back condition characterized by too much arch in the lower back; sometimes called swayback


a posture problem characterized by a protruding abdomen

principles of overload

a rule that states that in order to improve fitness, one needs to do more physical activity than one normally does

principles of progression

a rule that states that the amount and intensity of physical activity needs to be increased gradually

principal of specificity

a rule that states that specific types of exercise improve specific parts of fitness or specific muscles

target ceiling

a person's upper limit of physical activity

target fitness zone

the correct range of physical activity to build fitness

threshold of training

the minimum amount of overload one needs to build physical fitness

criterion-referenced health standards

fitness test ratings that are based on the amount of fitness necessary for good health rather than a comparison to other people


the process of becoming fully grown and developed physically


factors that influence whether you will practice a healthy lifestyle such as physical activity; examples include the weather, your time schedule, and availability of facilities

self-management skills

skills sued by a person to take control of his or her lifestyle or behavior to stay physically active


the capability for doing a specific task well; improves with practice

sport skill

a specific skill necessary to succeed in sports


a plan to determine ahead of time what you expect to accomplish and how you can accomplish it

long-term goal

goals that you can expect to accomplish in several months or over the course of a year

short-term goal

goals that you can expect to accomplish in several days or weeks

fitness profile

a summary of the results of self-assessments of several different parts of fitness

couch potato

a person who is sedentary or does no physical activity


being inactive or participating in very little physical activity

hypokinetic conditions

health problems or illnesses that are causes partly be the lack of regular physical activity


the ability to use strength quickly


a method of assessing body composition

symptoms of heat exhaustion

paleness; cold, clammy skin; profuse sweating; weakness and tiredness; nausea; dizziness; muscle cramps; vomiting; fainting

symptoms of heat stroke

high body temperature; hot, dry, flushed skin; rapid pulse; lack of sweating; dizziness; unconsciousness

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