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APWH Unit 1 Exam
Terms in this set (76)
all humans descended from Africa
The "Out of Africa" thesis says that _____.
from hunting to farming
Neolithic Revolution began in ___.
wheat and barley, Middle East
Farming began with ___ in ____.
The only animals that the Americas could domesticate were ____.
surplus of food, staying in one place thus increasing population
Domestication of plants/animals lead to ____ and ____.
more time to develop a civilization
Surplus of food lead to ___.
architectual acheivement, government, improved technology, religion, social stratification, trade, written language
7 characteristics of a civilization:
copper + tin =
Bronze Age started in ___.
Iron Age started in ___.
environment altered, cultures interacted, women status declined
3 main ideas of Unit 1:
The first form of writing was ___ created by the ____.
polytheistic, ziggurats, Epic of Gilgamesh
3 main points of Sumerian religion are:
City states in Mesopotamia made them not as ____.
wheel, calender, 60 base number system
3 main points of Mesopotamian technology:
Mesopotamia's political system was ____.
Mesopotamia, strict laws and social stratification
Hammurabi's Code was created in ___ and included (2 things) ___.
Assyrians, Babylonians, Hittites, Persians, Sumerians
5 types of people living in Mesopotamia
Old Kingdom (beginning-end)
Middle Kingdom (beginning-end)
New Kingdom (beginning-end)
pharaoh, highly centralized, social stratification
3 main points of Egyptian political structure:
polytheism, mummification, belief in afterlife
3 main points in Egyptian religion:
pyramids, hieroglyphics, papyrus
3 main points in Egyptian advancements in tech:
2 main points of Old Kingdom:
main point of Middle Kingdom:
main point of New Kingdom:
bronze from Hyksos
Diffusion in Egypt was ____.
The Middle East was less centralized because of ___.
spreading of knowledge
introduced monotheism to predominantly polytheistic cultures
A similarity of Mesopotamians and Egyptians is that they both ____.
_____ gave women the highest status.
Harrapa and Mohenjo Daro (Pakistan)
2 major cities in Indus River Valley & (today location):
long distance trade
Indus Seals show ___.
main advanced technology in Indus Valley:
main point of Indus Valley political structure:
main religion point of Indus Valley:
Vedas formed the basis of (religion) ___.
Indo Europeans invaded
How did the Indus Valley end?
first Chinese dynasty, oracle bones, bronze weapons
3 main points of Shang dynasty:
main point of Shang religion:
longest Chinese dynasty, Mandate of Heaven
2 main points of Zhou dynasty:
patriarchal, Mandate of Heaven
2 main points of political structure of Zhou dynasty:
The only 2 exceptions to the Indus Valley rule are ___ and ___.
migration from central Asia, language, horses
3 main points of Indo Europeans:
sub-Saharan, language, farming techniques, iron technology
4 main points of Bantu:
migratory group that spread their culture as they traveled
A similarity of Indo Europeans and Bantu is that they are both a ___.
first monotheistic religion
main point of religion of Hebrews:
22 letter alphabet
Phoenicians were known for their ___.
religion that believed that spirits resided in objects
religion that developed good vs evil theory
South Asian political structure was ____.
Neolithic toewn located in today's Turkey
Possession of these types of objects was a sugn of authority and nobility
modern day country where Mesopotamia was located
New Stone Age
Mesopotamia possessed this thing in abundance
means "gift of the Nile"
Chinese concern over orientation of objects and buildings is called ___.
Tigris and Euphrates
name of 2 rivers that formed "fertile crescent"
Yellow and Yangtze Rivers
2 great river systems of East China
Mandate of Heaven
political/religious belief that ruler will maintain power as ling as he is just and acts in the best interest of people
particles suspended in Yellow River that gives it its color and name
Babylonian leader that developed one of the earliest law codes
earliest domesticated people of Mesopotamia
Shang rules used this to determine the will of gods
earliest political and economic influence on Nubia
political philosophy that says people will behave wicked unless compelled by strict laws
Before coming to power, Zhou was a dependent state of this river
mud-brick, pyramid-shaped towers in temples found in Mesopotamia
Confucianism organized this country
capital of Middle and New Kingdoms of Egypt
One of the stable crops of North China during the early part of China history
Established first civilization of Greece
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