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19 terms

Ch.12 Congress

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incumbent
those already holding office
casework
activities of member of congress that help constituents as individuals
pork barrel
the mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts, available to cities, businesses, colleges, and institutions available in congressional district
bicameral legislature
a legislature divided into two houses
House Rules Committee
an institution unique to the house of representatives that reviews all bills coming from a house committee before they go to the full house
filibuster
strategy unique to the senate whereby opponents of a piece of legislation try to talk it to death, base on the tradition of unlimited debate
Speaker of House
the speaker is chosen by the majority party, has both formal and informal powers, and is second in line to succeed to the presidency should that office become vacant
majority leader
party's manager in the senate. the majority leader is responsible for scheduling bills, influencing committee assignments and rounding up votes in behalf of the party's legislative position
Whips
party leaders who work with the majority and minority leader to count votes ahead of time and lean on wavers whose votes are crucial to a bill favored by the party
minority leader
the principal leader of the minority party in the House of Representatives or in the Senate
Standing Committees
separate subject matter committees in each house of congress that handle bills in different policy areas
joint committee
congressional committees on a few subject matter areas with member ship drawn from both houses
conference committees
committee formed when senate and house pass a particular bill in different forms.
select committees
committee appointed for a specific purpose,such as the Watergate investigation
Legislative oversight
congresses monitoring of the bureaucracy and its administration of policy performed mainly through hearings
committee chairs
they play dominate roles in scheduling hearings hiring staff appointing subcommittee bills when they are brought before the full house
seniority system
a simple rule for picking committee chairs in effect until the 1970s . the member who had served on the committee the longest and whose party controlled congress became chair regardless of party loyalty mental state or competence
caucus (congressional)
a group of members of congress sharing some interest or characteristic
bill
a proposed law,drafted in precise, legal language. anyone can form a bill but only a member of the house or senate can formally submit it