5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Paul of Tarsus
- a refers to the period before Christmas. Used to be a fast period.
- b from monos (alone) was a central feature of the medieval church. Refers to both hermits and communal living of men and women who usually make oaths of poverty, celibacy, and obedience.
- c had a transforming life experience and turned from persecutor to the most prominent theologian of the Jesus movement addressing gentiles (non-Jews). Author of several letters in the NT, with additional letters ascribed to him.
- d developed in Roman Catholicism as a way of enabling Christians to gain forgiveness for their sins. Required knowledge of sins, repentance, and the confession of every individual sin as well as the acceptance of a penance designed to bring forgiveness for it.
- e began in Poland in the late sixteenth century but became most successful in England and the United States and asserts the unity of a single God while denying the Trinity.
5 Multiple choice questions
- (Gr.) for Hebrew messiah which means "anointed." While Christians apply this title to Jesus of Nazareth, Jews do not identify him as their messiah. Christians also define the messiah as a divine embodiment of God, an idea that Jews do not share either.
- booths" initiates an 8-day festival period culminating in Shemini Atzertet (the Eight Day of Assembly) and Simhat Torah (rejoicing in the Torah). It is a pilgrimage festival celebrating experience of Israelite wandering.
- are waves of enthusiastic and intense religious feelings that swept entire regions and countries. It often combines a vivid description of reward and punishment with a call for repentance. There were 4 great Awakenenings in the US, each of which gave rise to new religious movements, practices, and beliefs. Some think that we live in the aftermath of a 60s/70s Awakening.
- refers to belief in a single deity.
- was called Extreme Unction. This ritual, sometimes called "anointing of the sick," is the seventh sacrament in Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. Originally used for all who were ill it has become a ritual enabling a person to pass from this life into the next.
5 True/False questions
Martin Luther → This prayer, attributed to Jesus in Matthew, quickly became the central Christian prayer and is shared by all Christian communities.
Purgatory → denotes an idea of purgation, or cleansing, in the afterlife, a kind of in-between period after death in which the soul receive punishment.
Social Gospel → refers to the three Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke that share several common features and differ from the Gospel of John.
Counter-Reformation (see council of trent) → (1962-1965) was called out to renew the Catholic Church. It established many new standards in practice and theology, noticeably a return to the medieval liturgy, the use of the vernacular in worship, as well as the relationship between Catholics and non-Christians.
Confirmation → developed in Roman Catholicism as a way of enabling Christians to gain forgiveness for their sins. Required knowledge of sins, repentance, and the confession of every individual sin as well as the acceptance of a penance designed to bring forgiveness for it.