5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- 613 commandments
- Sola Scriptura
- a Jewish law construes the Torah as prescribing 248 positive (visiting the sick, hospitality etc.) and 365 negative commandments, imagined as corresponding to the limbs of the human body.
- b Latin for "Scripture Alone was used by John Wycliffe and Martin Luther to reject tradition as the basis of faith. This idea later (under the Pietists) came to suggest that the laity could interpret scripture on their own.
- c refers to the period before Christmas. Used to be a fast period.
- d (Hebr.) "anointed." Judaism: a consecrated person with a special mission from God. Came to signify the kings of the Davidic dynasty and especially a future son of David who will restore the glories of a former golden age and inaugurate the ingathering of Israel. Refers broadly to beliefs or theories regarding an ultimate improvement of the state of humanity and the world, or a final consummation of history. Christianity: Jesus (note: Jews do NOT believe the Jesus is the Messiah).
- e refers to belief in a single deity.
5 Multiple choice questions
- From being a fast of two or three days, this observance, in preparation for Good Friday, became, in the fourth century, a season of fasting in imitation of Jesus' fast in the desert. Today often substituted by giving up TV, sweets, or Facebook.
- (Gr.) for Hebrew messiah which means "anointed." While Christians apply this title to Jesus of Nazareth, Jews do not identify him as their messiah. Christians also define the messiah as a divine embodiment of God, an idea that Jews do not share either.
- is associated with Walter Rauschenbusch, and was a movement arguing that Christianity, following the model of Jesus, must combine religion and social justice.
- (1962-1965) was called out to renew the Catholic Church. It established many new standards in practice and theology, noticeably a return to the medieval liturgy, the use of the vernacular in worship, as well as the relationship between Catholics and non-Christians.
- booths" initiates an 8-day festival period culminating in Shemini Atzertet (the Eight Day of Assembly) and Simhat Torah (rejoicing in the Torah). It is a pilgrimage festival celebrating experience of Israelite wandering.
5 True/False questions
Anointing of the Sick (last rites) → was called Extreme Unction. This ritual, sometimes called "anointing of the sick," is the seventh sacrament in Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. Originally used for all who were ill it has become a ritual enabling a person to pass from this life into the next.
Gospel → (Greek: "Good News.") refers to the story and teachings of Jesus. While the early church produced many written Gospels, only 4, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John became canonized in the New Testament.
Monasticism → An artificial term used for texts. Taken to refer to a religious movement claiming secret knowledge. Recent scholarship rejects the term and instead insists on reading these texts as legitimate expressions of the followers of the Jesus movement before the establishment of the canon, theology, rite, or the Church.
Gnosticism → An artificial term used for texts. Taken to refer to a religious movement claiming secret knowledge. Recent scholarship rejects the term and instead insists on reading these texts as legitimate expressions of the followers of the Jesus movement before the establishment of the canon, theology, rite, or the Church.
Revivalism → (literally: thanksgiving) denotes the central Christian ritual. Catholics believe in a literal presence of Christ in the taking of bread and wine while other churches have a more abstract understanding. Connects the believer with her community.