5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Synoptic Gospels
- Gospel of Thomas
- a refers to the three Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke that share several common features and differ from the Gospel of John.
- b refers to belief in a single deity.
- c see Pesach Passover" celebrates the exodus from Egypt. Celebrated with an elaborate ritualized meal, the Seder and by reading a haggada, a home manual recounting the interpretation of this history.
- d This 2nd c. (Gnostic) Gospel, not included in the canonical Christian Bible collects sayings attributed to Jesus, some similar, some strikingly different.
- e (Seventy, often abbreviated with LXX) is a Greek translation of the Bible, used by Jews and later also Christians for centuries. Since some copies of the Septuagint are older than the Hebrew texts, these texts often preserve early readings of the Biblical text.
5 Multiple choice questions
- booths" initiates an 8-day festival period culminating in Shemini Atzertet (the Eight Day of Assembly) and Simhat Torah (rejoicing in the Torah). It is a pilgrimage festival celebrating experience of Israelite wandering.
- (Gr.) for Hebrew messiah which means "anointed." While Christians apply this title to Jesus of Nazareth, Jews do not identify him as their messiah. Christians also define the messiah as a divine embodiment of God, an idea that Jews do not share either.
- (Hebr.) "anointed." Judaism: a consecrated person with a special mission from God. Came to signify the kings of the Davidic dynasty and especially a future son of David who will restore the glories of a former golden age and inaugurate the ingathering of Israel. Refers broadly to beliefs or theories regarding an ultimate improvement of the state of humanity and the world, or a final consummation of history. Christianity: Jesus (note: Jews do NOT believe the Jesus is the Messiah).
- Jewish law construes the Torah as prescribing 248 positive (visiting the sick, hospitality etc.) and 365 negative commandments, imagined as corresponding to the limbs of the human body.
- (literally: thanksgiving) denotes the central Christian ritual. Catholics believe in a literal presence of Christ in the taking of bread and wine while other churches have a more abstract understanding. Connects the believer with her community.
5 True/False questions
Monasticism → from monos (alone) was a central feature of the medieval church. Refers to both hermits and communal living of men and women who usually make oaths of poverty, celibacy, and obedience.
Gospel of Mary → The oldest surviving Gospel text. This text, preserved only in fragments and not part of the Canon, reflects a Christianity that is similar to that of the NT (traces of John perhaps), reflecting questions discussed there such as womens leadership. Establishes spiritual maturity as a criterion for leadership.
Martin Luther → This prayer, attributed to Jesus in Matthew, quickly became the central Christian prayer and is shared by all Christian communities.
Unitarianism → began in Poland in the late sixteenth century but became most successful in England and the United States and asserts the unity of a single God while denying the Trinity.
Paul of Tarsus → had a transforming life experience and turned from persecutor to the most prominent theologian of the Jesus movement addressing gentiles (non-Jews). Author of several letters in the NT, with additional letters ascribed to him.