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24 terms

6th Grade Science - Mitosis

Mitosis & Cell Division
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Mitosis
cells that are in the process of dividing
interphase
cells that are not dividing
DNA
carries the genetic information of a cell
cell division
cells reproduce by splitting in half
What are the 4 phases of mitosis?
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telephase
cytokinesis
phase when DNA is duplicated
anaphase
phase when chromatids pull apart
prophase
phase when centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell stretching fibers across the cell
telephase
phase when a new nuclear membrane develops
metaphase
phase when a cell has a single line of chromosomes
metaphase, anaphase, telephase
3 phase when individual chromosomes are no longer visible
centromere
each chromosome consists of a pair of identical chromatids attached together by this structure
diploid
term for having a full set of chromosomes
Mitosis ends with cells having how many chromosomes?
46
Mitosis ends with how many daughter cells?
1
Mitosis has how many parent cells?
1
mitosis occurs in which type of cells?
body cells
asexual reproduction
when a new organism is produced from one organism
fission
the way cells without a nucleus reproduce
budding
when the bud on the adult become large enough to break away and live on its own
regeneration
process of reproducing by the organism breaking into pieces and a whole new organism can grow from each piece
cell cycle
a series of events from one cell division to the next
most of a eukaryotic cell's life is in what phase?
interphase
fission, budding and regeneration are forms of what type of reproduction?
asexual reproduction