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36 terms

Forces and Energy in the sun, solar system, galaxy, and universe

STUDY
PLAY
conservation, energy
explain that when energy is transferred from one system to another, the total quantity of energy does not change. this is called ____________ of ________________.
fusion
the sun produces a lot of energy from the process of ____________.
hydrogen, energy
fusion is the process of combining__________ atoms to together to release _____________.
matter, energy, matter, energy
the total amount of____________ and __________ before fusion is the same as the amount of _____________ and ____________ after fusion takes place.
radiation
energy from the sun is brought to the earth through _________________.
heat, light
____________ and ___________ are both forms of radiation.
convection, rises
energy on the sun is brought up through its layers through ___________ because hot material ___________ over cool material.
core, fusion
the energy starts in the __________ where _______ takes place and moves outward.
hit, energy, conduction
as the particals (atoms) __________ each other in the sun, they pass their _________ on and this is called ___________.
energy, light, medium
the _________ in the form of _________ does not need a ___________ (material) to get to earth.
sound, meium, hear, medium
_____________ waves need a _________ (material) to travel through so we cannot __________ the processes taking place on the sun because there is no ____________ (material) between us.
solar wind, poles, magnetic fields
the particles that come from the sun in the form of _________ are directed to the _________ of the earth because of the _________________.
gravitatinal, mass
the __________ forces exist between all objects with ___________.
gravitational force, planets
the ____________ hold our solar system (our neighborhood of _____________) together.
gravity, stars
the ________ hold or galaxy (our neighborhood of __________) together.
fusion
process that releases energy when hydrogen atoms are smashed together with other hydrogen atoms to release energy and produce helium.
hydrogen
simplest atom --#1 on periodic table.
helium
#2 on the periodic table.
radiation
the process in which energy is transmitted as particles or waves.
covection
the process in which hot (less dense) material rises above cooler msterial.
conduction
the process in which energy is passed on by particles hitting particles.
medium
substance.
solar wind
particles thrown out by the sun.
proment
firey arch of particles which are thrown out of the sun and then pulled back by the magnetic and gravitational forces of the sun.
photoshpere
the surface of the sun.
corona
the outer layer ("crown") of the sun.
sun spots
cooler spots on the sun which appear to be darker than the surrounding areas.
solar system
our neighborhood of 8 planets (poor pluto) with one star. (sun)
inner planets
mercury, venus, earth, mars.
gas giants
jupiter, saturn, uranus, and neptune.
galaxy
a neighborhood of stars.
milky way
our galaxy which is a spiral galaxy.
galaxy arm
in a spiral galaxy this group of stars spin in an "arm" formation.
universe
all matter and space that we know to exist.
8.5 minutes
the time it take light to reach the earth from the sun.
avarage
the sun is not super big or small compared to other stars in the universe.