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Terms in this set (65)
Which of the following was NOT a reason why the Framers established a two-house Congress?
Thomas Jefferson supported the two-house form of legislature.
A term of Congress lasts for ____ year/s and consists of ____ sessions.
The shorter term served by members of the House tends to make them...
more responsive to popular pressure than members of the Senate
The permanent size of the House at 435 members was fixed by the...
Reapportionment Act of 1929
The seats in the House of Representatives are reapportioned among the states every...
Congressional districts within a state are drawn by...
the State legislature
Longstanding patterns of wide population variation among congressional districts came to an end as a result of the...
Supreme Court decision in Wesberry v. Sanders
Districts that have been gerrymandered are ones that...
have been drawn to the advantage of the dominant party or faction
A member of Congress who is formally condemned by his colleagues is...
What fraction of the Senate is up for election every two years?
The term of office for a Senator is...
Three times as long as that of a Representative
Which of the following is NOT true of the members of Congress?
Most of them have had little previous political experience
Translating into action the interests and concerns of the people in their districts is part of which of the following roles of the members of Congress?
Salaries and other compensation for members of Congress are set by...
Which of the following protects members of Congress from suits for libel or slander arising out of their official conduct?
Speech and Debate Clause
The best way to learn about the voting record of a member of Congress is to...
find out how he or she voted on issues that are most important to you
Approximately how many bills are introduced into the two houses during a term of Congress?
The Constitution provides that Congress may override a presidential veto by a ____ vote in each house.
The member of the House who has served in that body for the longest period of time is known as...
Dean of the House
The House Rules Committee...
is sometimes called the "traffic cop" in the legislature process
As it works in both the Senate and the House today, the seniority rule almost certainly guarantees that the...
member of the majority party who has served on a committee for the longest period of time is that committee's chairman
Most votes on the floor of the House are taken by which of these methods?
All tax measures must originate in the...
It now costs more than ____ to operate Congress each year.
A bill that has been passed by each house, but in differing versions, must sometimes be sent to ____ which attempts to produce a compromise bill acceptable to both chambers.
A conference committee
A long speech or series of speeches delivered in an attempt to delay the work of a legislative body is known as...
Much of the real work of Congress is done...
In its committees
The majority party Senator who presides in the absence of the Vice president is called the...
President Pro Tem
Most of the measures introduced in either house die at which of these steps in the legislative process?
In the Senate, a filibuster may be choked off by a vote which invokes...
The President of the Senate is...
the Vice President of the United States
Once a measure has been passed in identical form by both houses, it is sent to the President. At that point the President may NOT do which of these things?
apply the item to the measure
The Constitution provides that Congress CANNOT do which of these things?
In McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), the Supreme Court...
upheld the doctrine of implied power
Before it may become effective, a treaty made by the President must be approved by a two-thirds vote of the...
Which of these practices sometimes affects the Presidents power of appointment?
Which of these kinds of taxes provides the best example of the use of the taxing power for a purpose other than revenue raising?
What power allows the Federal Government to take private property for such public uses as a military base, a national park, or a post office?
Which of these is NOT one of the expressed powers held by Congress?
Set minimum wages
The House has the power to choose the President when...
no candidate has received a majority of the electoral votes
The Constitution requires a two-thirds vote in each house in order for Congress to...
Propose a constitutional amendment
The power to deal with the subject of bankruptcy is...
A concurrent power
The Constitution gives the power to impeach the President and other civil officers to the...
House of Representatives
The ____ has the sole power to try (sit as a court, judge) impeachment cases.
In which of these landmark cases did the Supreme Court give a sweeping definition to the power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce?
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
The exclusive right to manufacture, use, or sell a new and useful item is a/an...
Most Senators and Representatives are born in the States they represent.
Constituents often ask for help from members of Congress.
Members of Congress concentrate almost entirely on evaluating legislation.
Compensation to members of Congress is limited to salary and health insurance.
Senators and Representatives give themselves yearly pay increases.
The Speaker of the House is the highest paid member of Congress.
"Legislative immunity" applies only to those speeches made on the floor of Congress.
Those powers of Congress that are not spelled out word for word are called expressed powers.
Clause 18 of Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution is often called the Commerce Clause.
The Constitution gives Congress the authority to make laws that are necessary and proper for executing its expressed powers.
The first major dispute over the implied powers of Congress involved the establishment of the interstate highway system.
Thomas Jefferson and his followers argued that the new government had no powers beyond those expressly granted by the Constitution.
Hamilton and other strict constructionists believed that Congress had the power to do anything that might be reasonably implied from its expressly delegated powers.
In 1816, Congress created the Second Bank of the United States.
Provision tacked on to an unrelated bill.
Measures applying to certain persons or places.
Joint measures dealing with unusual or temporary matters and carrying the force of law.
Measures applying to the nation as a whole.
Measures passed when both houses must act jointly but for which a law is not needed.