Ashkenazi Jews, Shephardic Jews and Arabs. Most who immigrated before 1948 were Ashkenazi Jews from northern and eastern Europe. After 1948, over half of the Jews immigrating to Israel were Shephardic from southern Europe, Southwest Asia, North Africa and Asia. At first, the Shephardic were unskilled and not influential in society. Now, they are equal to the Askenazi. The diverse religous groups make for conflict within government. *Note: Arabs serve in the Knesseet and form political parties but CANNOT serve in the military.