21 terms

Font Anatomy Terms

List of Typography terms for use in the Publication and Graphic Design class at Hutchison High School.
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typeface/font
a family of alphabetic characters, numbers, punctuation marks and other symbols that share a consistent design; often used synonymously with font
serif
a tail or stroke at the end of some typeface characters
sans serif
Typeface without serifs
glyph
Written characters representing both objects and sounds
leading
space between lines of type
kerning
space between letters or words; also called letterspacing
x height
height of lower case x or other letters without ascenders or descenders
baseline
An imaginary horizontal line along which the base of a letter sets
ascender
portion of a letter that extends beyond the x height; h, l, b, d, for example
descender
portion of a letter that extends below the baseline; j, g, p,q, for example
widow
a single word at the end of a block of text
river
distracting white spaces that are created within body copy from negative space between words
script
typeface which resembles cursive writing
decorative
a.k.a. novelty; type which is very stylized and used for sparingly for specific purpose
gothic
type with consistent stroke weights
counter
negative space inside closed letter forms
Cap Height
The height from the baseline to the top of the uppercase letters in a font. This may or may not be the same as the height of ascenders. Also used in some systems to measure the type size.
Small Caps
Uppercase characters that appear as a smaller size than the capital height of a typeface. Short for "small capitals".
Stem
Primary vertical stroke.
Cross Bar
A horizontal stroke.
Aperture
partially enclosed area in a letter form.