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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
5th - American Civil War
Terms in this set (52)
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
freeing someone from the control of another
a nonmilitary citizen
tapping machine used to communicate at a distance over a wire (usually in Morse code)
system in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a portion of their crops
Commander of Confederate Army, Lincoln wanted him as the leader of the Union Army
Battle of Antietam
Civil War battle in which the North succeeded in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland, the bloodiest battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties
President of the Confederate States
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States. He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
16th President of the United States who resided during our Civil War
Vicksburg & Gettysburg
In July 1863 these two cities fell to Union troops turning the tide of the Civil War in favor of the Union
a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War given at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
a general in the Union Army who conducted total war against the Confederate States
John Wilkes Booth
a stage actor who assasinated President Lincoln
text that tells a first-hand account of an event; original works used when researching (letters, journals)
text used when researching that is created from an original work (biographies, magazine articles)
Booker T. Washington
Prominent black American who helped blacks acquire marketable skills and prove their economic value to society. He founded the Tuskegee Institute in 1881.
George Washington Carver
African American botanist and agricultural chemist who developed many uses for peanuts, soy beans and sweet potatoes.
a college founded by Booker T. Washington, African Americans earned agricultural and teaching diplomas plus other trades
in the Civil War the states between the North and the South: Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri
a decisive battle in the American Civil War (1863),ex. after being besieged for nearly seven weeks the Confederates surrendered
killed, injured, or captured soldiers
engage somebody to enter the army
temporary living quarters specially built by the army for soldiers
the civilian population (and their activities) of a country at war
Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross
all-out war that affects civilians at home as well as soldiers in combat
to leave the army without permission
an act of admitting defeat, giving up
1865 - set up to aid former slaves in adjusting themselves to freedom. It furnished food, clothing, and training
charge with a crime, misdemeanor, or offense
The U.S. president can be removed from office if impeachment is successful.
Jim Crow Laws
'seperate but equal' laws enacted in some southern states which aimed to limit the rights of blacks (literacy tests, poll taxes, etc.)
a social system that makes separate places for some people (on buses, in schools etc.)
ku klux klan
a secret society that tried to control African Americans through threats and violence; other targets were Catholics, Jews, and immigrants
Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi River, and to take an army through heart of south
southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after Civil War
Civil Rights Act
secured the rights of freedmen., it gave citizenship to African Americans
northern whites who moved to the south and served as republican leaders during reconstruction
southerns willing to cooperate with republicans, after the Civil War, because they accepted the results of the war and wished to advance their own interests
This amendment abolished slavery in the U.S.
This amendment gave all persons equal rights regardless of their race.
This amendment granted black men the right to vote.
Plessy v. Ferguson
This Sumpreme Court ruling said segregated public facilities (schools etc.) were legal as long as they were equal.
President Lincoln was assasinated here
The Compromise of 1850
Slavery was outlawed in Washington D.C.,
California is admitted as a free state
Utah and New Mexico will determine whether slavery is allowed through popular sovereignty. Fugitive Slave Law is passed
The Kansas-Nebraska Act
repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820;
allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries
Dred Scott Decision
The U.S, Supreme Court decided Dred Scott
(a Missouri slave who claimed freedom by the Missouri Compromise) couldn't sue in federal court because he was a slave!
Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln, wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport Doctrine
this gives freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
This amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) gives women the right to vote.
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