B + T's Near East Final

25 terms by tlake1

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People who had moved from the Syrio-Palestine area down into Egypt.


The Greeks, or, more specifically, the Achaeans. Encountered the Near East on the western shore of Anatolia.


Northern Mesopotamia. Possibly from Caucasia. Probably not centaurs.


Syro-Palestinian. Semi-nomadic social outcasts, term means "robber/vagabond," Idrimi hung out with them while he was wandering near Canaan.


Area in northern Anatolia near Black Sea. Portrayed as wild and aggressive tribesmen attacking Hittite cities, taking them out of gov't control.


Original occupants of Anatolia, Hittitie territory. NOT HITTITE ANCESTORS. Never had written language - only spoke Hattic. Eventually merged with/were replaced by Hittites as they moved in.

Sea Peoples

Possibly Libyans, according to Ramesses III: "Peleset, Tjeker, Shekelesh, Denyen, Weshesh"


Babylonian region. Eventually became rulers of Babylon. Instated Akkadian dating system.


Semi-nomadic people in Syria, became important militarily and politically later. Raided Assyria's ****.


Settled/took over fertile crescent (up to the Egyptian border) area after Sea Peoples ***ed *** up.


Term used by the Hittites to describe the Sea Peoples' ethnicity.


Tribal organization, settled along the Euphrates (Mesopotamia) and in the south. Took political power from the Kassites eventually.


Maurading nomads that raided Babylonia's **** from somewhere north. Also eventually overran Phrygia.


Became major power in west Anatolia when Phyrgians were weakened by Assyrians. invented coinage


Assyria's main opponent in Anatolia. Rich as **** - King Midas.


A name that references King Midas, and thus probably Phygrians


Nothern nomadic group that generally roamed around ***ing *** up throughout the entire Near East. Dominated Medes, constantly fighting Assyria/Anatolia.


Replaced the Urartians by the 6th century BCE, making the region part of the Persian empire.


East of the river Jordan, above Moab. Contributed some troops to fight Shalmaneser III when he crossed the Euphrates.


Zagros mountains and eastward. Pastoral, no written history. Sack Nineveh with Babylonians.


Lived in highlands of Anshan.


Language related to Hittite, using Hittite hieroglyphic script.


Southern Anatolia/Northwestern Syria. Used same Hittite hieroglyphs. Rulers tended to claim descendence from old Hittite state. Controlled east-west trade routes and mining areas, thus $$$.


Centered in Canaan region. Rich as ****. Maritime trading culture.


South of Egypt. Gold mines. Took turns controlling Egypt with Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal for a few years around 665.

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