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Functions of Brain Regions
Contains vital centers that regulate heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, vomiting, coughing.
Smoothes and coordinates skilled skeletal muscle movement; also posture and balance or equilibrium.
Secretes melatonin that controls the sleep-wake cycle.
Controls and integrates the autonomic nervous system; regulates hormones, emotional behavior, temperature, eating and drinking behavior.
Interprets sensory input, controls skilled skeletal muscle movements, and is involved in emotional and intellectual processes.
Helps control breathing; conducts impulses to and from the cerebellum, midbrain, and medulla.
Relays all sensory input to the cerebral cortex; involved in skeletal muscle actions and memory processing.
Coordinates visual and auditory reflexes.
Coordinates gross, automoatic muscle movements; also involved with the limbic system.
White fiber tracts communicating between hemispheres.