Parts of the Computer/Computer and Internet Terminology
Terms in this set (73)
An electronic device containing a microprocessor
Small electronic device that can carry out complex calculations
The name of the personal computer designed by Ed Roberts in the 1970s
The name of the company that first proved there was a demand for computers in homes and school
Primary circuit board inside a computer
The connection where two pieces of hardware communicate with each other
The most common computer hardware port connection
Universal serial bus
USB is the acronym for this term.
A type of networking technology for local area networks, used to connect your computer to a DSL/Cable modem or network
This port is the standard for high-speed transfers between cameras and computers.
A port that interfaces sound from the computer to an external device.
An interface (commonly used for modems and mice and some printers) that transmits data a bit at a time
An interface between a computer and a printer where the computer sends multiple bits of information to the printer simultaneously
A piece of electronic equipment connected by a cable to a computer. Examples monitor, printer, scanner, mouse, keyboard, speakers
A slot on the motherboard where you can add a card to the computer that adds capabilities, such as sound, graphics handling, or network communications
Basic input/output system
The process for loading the operating system (OS) into random access memory (RAM) when the computer is turned on.
Also known as an "OS," this is the software that communicates with computer hardware on the most basic level. Without an operating system, no software programs can run.
A SMALLER laptop
An electronic device that generates a digital representation of an image for data input to a computer
Contains a small portable disk inside a plastic cover.
Compact disc-read-only memory
Portable storage device that plugs into a USB port.
A rigid magnetic disk mounted permanently in a drive unit
(From a combination of MOdulate and DEModulate) electronic equipment consisting of a device used to connect computers by a telephone line
A device that forwards data packets between computer networks
Random Access Memory
The acronym is RAM
Read Only Memory
The acronym is ROM
Acronymn for graphics interchange format. A graphics file format that uses a compression scheme.
bits per second
A measurement of how fast data is transmitted.
A text or graphic file that is sent with an email message.
A combination hardware and software buffer that is used to protect networks.
The name used at the end of a URL that identifies a particular web page.
A way of coding information in a file so that it cannot be read if intercepted.
The matrix of networks connecting millions of computers around the world to access information.
A common method of tranferring files from one computer to another. Acronym for file transfer protocol.
The maxium amount of data that can travel a communications path in a given time.
Term used to desribe the information resources available on the Internet and World Wide Web.
Hypertext transfer protocol
The method of standards used to transfer hypertext files across the Internet (http).
digital subscriber line
The method of transmitting data at high speed over telephone lines.
The memory used to store information while it is being used by the computer.
An underlined or highlighted element on a web page that links to other sites and documents.
Hypertext Markup Language
A computer authoring language to create web pages (html).
Microsoft's web browser software.
A software program that allows you to view and interact with Internet resources.
digital versatile disk
A storage medium for digital data.
Adobe Acrobat Reader
A software program used to view files in PDF format.
A type of image file made from an array of dots rather than lines. Has a file extension of bmp.
A numeric code that identifies a particular computer on the Internet.
A program required by a device that acts as a translator sending commands.
A file send to a browser by a server that is used to record one's activities on a website.
The process where a downloaded web page temporarily stores its data on a computer.
A mini-version of an internal Internet designed for use within a company.
A small image used to graphically represent a software program or file.
Internet Service Provider
The remote computer system to which you connect your personal computer to and access the Internet.
An object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Joint Photographic Experts Group (a type of image file extension).
A local area network that connects computers within a certain area.
Moving Pictures Experts Group (a type of moving image file extension).
Two or more computers connected to each other so they can share resources.
The practice of posting unsolicited commerical messages or advertisements to a large number of people or groups.
Multimedia files such as video clips and audio.
Uniform Resource Locator (a web site address)
A type of sound file.
World Wide Web
A system of Internet servers that support a collection of documents that are written in HTML also referred to as www.
A popular standard for file compression on a personal computer.
A video file extension.
Portable document format.
A series of related newsgroup, BBS, or e-mail messages on a given subject, including the original message and the subsequent replies.
Short for picture element. The smallest element that can be displayed on a video screen or computer monitor, and is often used as a unit of measurement for image size and resolution.
universal serial bus
USB is the acronym for this term and it is a type of port.