Smallest unit of matter, found of the periodic table
Make of only 1 kind of atom, found of the periodic table
2 or more atoms joined in a chemical bond, bond can be ionic (metal/nonmetal) or covalent (nonmentals)
2 or more atoms joined by SHARING electrons (covalent bond)
an atom (or element) with a FULL charge (covalent compounds DO NOT form ions)
attraction between substances (molecule, atom, etc) of the SAME kind. Ex: water attracts other water molecules. Also gives rise to surface tension
attraction between substances of DIFFERENT kinds
Ex: water is attracted to the walls of a tube (this gives rise to capillary action)
mixture where 2 or more substances are EVENLY mixed Ex: salt water, brass (Zn + Cu; don't have to be liquid)
pH of 0-6.9999999; abundance of H+ ions
pH above 7; abundance of OH- ions
made of C, H, and O in a rough 1:2:1 ratio Ex: C6H12O6, or C12H22O11
monomer (what something is made of) of a carbohydrate
made of C, H, and O like carb, except lots of C and H, not much O Ex: Cholesterol, C27H46O
Monomer of a lipid
building blocks of cells; made of C, H, O, N and sometimes P or S
monomer of proteins; only 20 of them, all living orgs use the same ones (except weird ones in bottom of ocean)
Long of molecules, what DNA is made of
monomer of Nucleic Acids; made of phosphate group, sugar and Nitrogen base
the energy storing molecule in your body
energy needed to start a chemical reaction...all reactions need activation energy (some more than others)
substances that decrease the activation energy to speed up chemical reactions in the body
the substance the enzyme acts on
location on the enzyme that the substrate will bind to so a chemical reaction can happen
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