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When does puberty start around?

starts 10-11
show changes around 13
ends around 16

What are the two female hormones?

Estrogen and Progesterone

What Does the Female Reproductive System Do?

produce eggs (ova)
have sexual intercourse
protect and nourish the fertilized egg until it is fully developed
give birth


the external female reproductive organs

mons pubis

soft tissue that covers the pubic bone and serves as a protective cushion for the reproductive organs

labia majora

the outer folds of skin that surrond the opening of the vagina

labia minora

the inner folds of skin that surrond the opening of the vagina


a small, highly sensitive organ located between the labia majora

urethral opening

the opening at the end of the urethra
the urethra is a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body


a thin membrane that stretches across the vaginal opening


organs composed of fatty tissues that are sensitive and provide milk for a newborn baby

bartholin's glands

a pair of glands located near the labia minora which secrete fluid during sexual excitement


produces a ripe egg with each menstrual cycle. Contains thousands of immature eggs from birth

Fallopian tube

(egg tube) carries eggs from ovary to uterus
Serves as meeting place for sperm and egg


(womb) pear shaped organ
Protects and nourishes developing baby


mouth of the uterus, lower opening at top of the vagina


pushes uterus up as it fills with urine


carries urine from bladder. Opens into front part of vulva


receives the penis during intercourse, receptacle for sperm, exit for menstrual blood, and passage way for the baby

Menstrual Cycle

approximately 28 days

what happens during a girls period?

each month bleeding occurs as the lining of the uterus is shed at the start of each cycle, afterwards, the lining thickens again to prepare for an egg to be dropped

what happens if the egg is not fertilized?

egg is not fertilizes
progesterone levels drop
this leads to menstrual bleeding and the process begins again

What is ovulation?

The mature egg is released and moves through the fallopian tube as it is available for fertilization
This occurs approximately 14 days into the cycle
During the menstrual cycle, hormones cause one egg to begin development

when you are born...

there are thousands of eggs already in your ovaries


The union of an egg with a sperm in the fallopian tube
Sperm are capable of fertilization up to seven days after intercourse

when to identical twins occur?

a single fertilized egg divides into two

when to fraternal twins occur?

2 eggs are fertilized

What is menopause?

Signals the end of a woman's fertile life, results in decreased production of sex hormones

what is average age of menopause?

Average age is 51

what are some symptoms of menopause?

hot flashes, insomnia, night sweats, irregular periods until stage is complete

when is menopause complete?

a woman has not had a menstrual period for 1 year

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